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Plant Classification, Parts of Flower & Seeds

vascular plants plants with a system of roots, stems and leaves; plants with xylem and phloem
Non Vascular Plants plants with NO system of roots, stems and leaves, no xylem or phloem (examples: moss and liverworts)
Xylem system of "tubes" in the plant that carries water from roots to other parts of the plant
Phloem system of "tubes" in the plant that carries the plant's food from leaves out to rest of the plant
Gymnosperms vascular plants that produce seeds (example; cycads, conifers, ginkgoes)
Angiosperms vascular plants that produce flowers and seeds
Monocot an angiosperm (flowering plant) with only one cotyledon; plant has narrow leaves with parallel veins and fibrous root (ex: corn, lily)
Dicot an angiosperm (flowering plant) with two cotyledons; plant has broad leaves and tap root system (ex: bean, maple)
Cotyledon the first leaves of the young plant, the seed leaves
Fibrous root root system that spreads and has more than one significant root
Tap root root system that has one major root (examples: carrot, turnip and potato)
Pistil the female part of the flower
Stigma top opening of the pistil
Style neck portion of the pistil
Ovary at base of the pistil, where seed is formed
Stamen male part of the flower
Filament stem-like portion of the stamen
Anther the top portion of the stamen, where pollen is produced
Pollination when pollen is spread by wind, bees, insects, birds
Fertilization the process by which a seed is formed within the flower
Germination the process by which a seed becomes a plant
Seed coat Hard protective cover for embryo
Embryo baby plant
Food supply food stored in seed to support the embryo as it grows into a young plant
Created by: ndmsteach