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Janssen-Senses

Mrs. Janssen's Special Senses Nervous System Test Review

QuestionAnswer
What is the pigmented nutritive layer of the eye called? choroid
What is the only sense that is not fully functional when a baby is born? sight
What is the medical term for the loss of hearing in elderly people? presbycusis
What disease causes ophthalmia neonatorum? gonorrhea
What is the medical term for ear infection? otitis media
What is the medical term for crossed eyes? strabismus
What disease during pregnancy can result in the baby having sensorineural deafness? rubella
What is the loss of the same side of the visual field in both eyes called? hemianopia
What is the term for increased intraocular pressure? glaucoma
What is an irregular curvature of the cornea that distorts vision? astigmatism
What is a complete or partial clouding of the lens of the eye known as? cataract
If the right optic tract is damaged or injured, which part of the visual field will be affected? left
If the left optic tract is damaged or injured, which part of the visual field will be affected? right
Which special sense requires the most learning? sight
Which type of deafness is a result of mechanical factors? conduction
What is the medical term for the loss of the sense of smell? anosmia
What is the medical term for "old vision?" presbyopia
What is the medical term for nearsightedness? myopia
What is the medical term for normal vision? emmetropia
What is the medical term for farsightedness? hyperopia
Which receptors are responsible for color vision? cones
There are 3 structures that refract light in the eye. Two of them are the cornea and the lens. What is the third? humors
What structure is responsible for sharp central vision and small details? fovea centralis
Which receptors are responsible for black & white vision? rods
Which muscle depresses the eye & turns it laterally? superior oblique
Which muscle elevates the eye & turns it laterally? inferior oblique
Which muscle rolls the eye inferiorly? inferior rectus
Which muscle rolls the eye superiorly? superior rectus
Which muscle moves the eye medially? medial rectus
Which muscle moves the eye laterally? lateral rectus
What substance helps maintain intraocular pressure & is located in the anterior segment of the eye? aqueous humor
Which eye structure secretes tears? lacrimal glands
What is the small cavity that surrounds the bones of the middle ear? tympanic
What is balance related to changes in the position of the head is known as? static equilibrium
What is the light sensitive layer of the eye that contains the rods & cones? retina
What is the bending of light? refraction
What are the receptors that are responsible for sensing odors called? olfactory receptors
What are the three bones of the inner ear known as? ossicles
What substance helps the eyeball keep its shape and prevents it from collapsing? vitreous humor
What are receptors that are sensitive to mechanical pressures such as touch called? mechanoreceptors
What is the double convex structure that refracts light to the retina called? lens
What is the snail shell shaped structure inside the ear that houses the hearing receptors? cochlea
What is the pigmented area that controls how much light enters the eye? iris
What is the transparent anterior portion of the eyeball called? cornea
What are the receptors that are sensitive to various chemicals in solutions called? chemoreceptors
Created by: jjanssen33