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Test3; MA; Ch11-15

is an idea centered on the aesthetic of balance & symmetry; Instrumental music held greater importance than vocal music during this period Classical Music
4-movement work with a sonata-form 1st movement and a minuet & trio in 3rd movement Classical Symphony
this form is used in the first movement of a symphony work Sonata Form
has two themes in two different keys Exposition
this form is used in the third movement of a symphony work Minuet & Trio
Beethoven developed a style of third movement which was faster and more forceful Scherzo & trio
director of Mannheim Orchestra credited with standardizing the classical orchestra Johann Stamitz
is responsible for 1) setting the tempo of a piece, 2) controlling the dynamics of a piece, 3) bringing the players in at the correct place, 4) controlling the expressiveness of the piece, etc. Orchestra conductor
Complied Mozart's music into a roughly chronological listing Ludwig von Köchel
child prodigy, composing by age 5; principal instrument was the keyboard (harpsichord); lessons with Franz Joseph Haydn; struggled financially, dying poor; said in essence that he composed the music in his head & later wrote it down Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
was a three-movement genre featuring the contrast of soloist & orchestra & was the type of concerto popular during the classical period Solo concerto
section of a concerto where the solo performer could show off his or her skills; normally improvised by the performer; Mozart composed suggested ones for his performers in case they chose not to improvise Cadenza
the rapid alternation between two notes Trill
Public concerts were frequently held during in ____ or _____ normal used for other things. theaters, halls
____ to public concerts was fairly _____. Admission, expensive
The favored instruments for classical solo concertos were the ____ & ____. piano, violin
1]"Father of the Symphony"/"Master of the String Quartet";choirboy until voice changed(dismissed);played street bands; most lucrative position is music director 4 Prince Esterhazy(patronage-composed Prince's desires/was a servant;music owned by Prince) Franz Joseph Haydn
2]taught Beethoven;Symphony No.45 "Farewell", musicians stop at various points during 4th movement & leave stage;opus 33 sting quartets 1st performed for Russian Grand Duke Paul Franz Joseph Haydn
Chamber music, in a four-movement structure, written for two violins, viola, & cello String Quartet
Music for two to nine players, usually with one player per part Chamber Music
German opera; the language of it is German Singspiel
serious opera Opera seria
Italian comic opera Opera buffa
in classical opera, a role for a woman performing the part of a young man, usually in his teens Pants role
wrote the play, Le Nozze di Figaro, which was so politically controversial that King Louis XVI attempted to ban the play Beaumarchais
Mozart wrote music for this opera based on Beaumarchais&told King that the political controversy was removed(it wasn't); opera buffa; leading characters-servants; plot of opera foreshadows the French Revolition Marriage of Figaro
wrote the libretto for the Marriage of Figaro Lorenzo da Ponte
today, opera houses use this to translate the text for the audience Supertitles
a very florid & high soprano voice Coloratura soprano
some singers, especially soprano/tenors, receive this title because of their egos Diva
Leading _____ roles in opera were generally given to ____. female, sopranos
_____ was the greatest ____ composer of opera. Mozart, classical
Operas are divided into large sections called ____. acts
a structural form based on a theme followed by alternate versions of that theme Theme and variations
writing and arranging music for orchestra Orchestration
The ___ was invented during the classical period. piano
_____, ____, & _____ all composed for piano Bethoven, Hayden, & Mozart
lived primarily off earrings from concert hall;increased size of orchestra by adding brass&woodwind;life was divided into 3 periods;went deaf&communicated via notebooks;1st major composer to demand equal footing with aristocracy;5th Symphony(most popular) Ludwig van Beethoven
Mozart: Symphony no. 40 in G minor, I 1st melody: think "it's a bird, it's a plane, no it's Mozart"
Haydn: "Surprise" Symphony no. 94, II gets softer, then BAM (to wake you up)
Mozart: Piano Concerto no. 23 in A major, I piano is solo instrument (after 1st part)
Haydn: Sting Quartet op. 33, no. 3 ("The Bird"), IV only string quartet piece; think chickens pecking at food/chirping
Mozart: "Non più anadia" ("No more will you") Marriage of Figaro ONLY ONE WITH WORDS
Beethoven: Symphony no. 5 in C minor
Created by: ibenoit95