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Cells & Cellular-1

Cells & Cellular Processes (Part 1 of 2)

TermDefinition
CELL THEORY ALL living things have 3 basic parts (1) Come from pre­existing cells (2) Made up of cells (3) Cells are the basic unit
CELL TYPES Prokaryotic Cell and Eukaryotic Cell
PROKARYOTIC CELL A bacteria cell with no nucleus Does have DNA Does have a cell wall outside cell membrane
EUKARYOTIC CELL Includes ALL other cells Has a membrane-covered nucleus DNA stored in the cell nucleus Other organelle — mitochondria for cellular respiration
CELL MEMBRANE Surrounds cell Holds the cell together Allows SOME molecules to pass through
NUCLEUS Contains DNA It is the Control Center and Directs Cell Activity Found in Eukaryotic Cells
MITOCHONDRIA "Powerhouse" of the cell Conducts cellular respiration (energy)
CELL WALL Found in Plant cell Cell Wall around the cell membrane Provides structure and support
CHLOROPLAST Found in Plant cell Contains chlorophyll Photosynthesis occurs here
CELIA Found in Animal cell Short hair-like extensions Found on cell surface Used for locomotion (movement) AND food gathering
FLAGELLA Long hair-like (whip) extensions on the cell surface Used for locomotion (movement)
PLANKTON Microscopic plant and animal organisms Drifts freely in the upper ocean waters Capable of growing and reproducing
PHYTOPLANKTON Microscopic plant Drifts freely in the upper ocean waters Capable of growing and reproducing
ZOOPLANKTON Microscopic animal organisms Drifts freely in the upper ocean waters Capable of growing and reproducing
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) A high-energy molecule found in every cell Its job is to store and supply the cell with needed energy. It is where our cells get the energy needed to perform its tasks. Found in the cytoplasm of the cell.
Created by: pj johnson