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Exam 3

Definitions

TermDefinition
Taxonomy Science of classification of organisms
Taxa Subdivisions to classify organisms
Binomial nomenclature 2 names to each organism- Genus, Species
Linnaeus Formal classification system/ 2 kingdoms=Animalia & Plantae
Culture Microorganisms that grow & multiply in a container of culture medium
Clone Population of cells arising from a single parent cell
Stain Genetically different cells within a clone
Serology Branch of immunology. Studies blood serum, antigen/antibody reactions in vitro
Slide agglutination Test Identification by combining it with a specific antibody on a slide
ELISA Grp of serological tests that use enzyme reactions as indicators
Western Blotting Technique using antibodies to detect the presence of specific proteins separated by electrophoresis
Southern Blotting Technique using DNA probes to detect the presence of specific DNA in restriction fragments separated by electrophoresis
Mycology Scientific study of Fungi
Mycosis Fungal Infection
Systemic Fungal infection deep within body
Subcutaneous Tissue beneath skin
Cutaneous Affecting keratin
Superficial Localized
Opportunistic pathogen Microorganism that usually doesn't cause disease but can become pathogenic under certain circumstances
Intermediate host Organism that harbors larval or asexual stage of helminth or protozoan
Definitive host Organism that harbors the adult, sexually mature parasite
Vector Plasmid or virus used in genetic engineering to insert genes into an arthropod
Bacteriophages Virus that affects bacterial cells
Capsid Protein coat of a virus that surrounds nubleic acid
Capsomeres Protein subunit of a viral capsid
Envelope Outer covering surrounding the cupsid of some viruses
Spikes Carb-protein complex that projects from the surface of certain viruses
Plaques Clearing in a bacterial lawn, resulting from lysis by phages
Sense Strand (+) Viral RNA that can act as mRNA
Antisense strand (-) Viral RNA that cannot as mRNA
Sarcoma Cancer of connective tissue
Adenocarcinomas Cancer of glandular epithelial tissue
Oncogene A gene that can bring about malignant transformation
Transformation Genes transferred from 1 bacterium to another as naked DNA in a solution
Latent infection Condition in which the pathogen remains in the host for long periods with out producing disease
Persistent infection Illness that develops slowly and is likely to continue or reoccur for long periods
Prion Infectious agent consisting of a self-replicating protein with no detectable nucleic acids
Viroid Infectious RNA
Created by: arichardson_14