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Cells & Heredity

inherited characteristics (traits) determined before birth and cannot be permanently changed
acquired/learned characteristics (traits) features that result from experience and the influence of the environment
inherited behavior behaviors (such as instincts) that do not have to be taught and are determined by heredity
learned behavior actions carried out by an animal or human based on experience
heredity the passing of traits, or features, from parents to offspring through genes
genes carry the information that determines your traits that are passed on to you from your parents
cell smallest unit of living matter; the building blocks of all living things
unicellular organism an organism which contains one cell and is able to carry out all life functions within that one cell
multicellular organism an organism which contains more than one cell that take care of the various life functions of the organism
color, shape, and covering the three categories which describe the difference between plant and animal cells
tissue groups of similar cells working together to carry out a certain job
organ a group of tissues that work together doing a certain job
organ system a group of organs working together to carry on life functions
organism any living thing that can carry out its life activities on its own
dominant gene considered the "stronger" gene; overpowers "weaker" genes and are always present in the offspring
recessive gene considered the "weaker" gene and will only pass on that trait if two "weaker" genes are present in the offspring
protists one-celled microorganisms that live in pond water
oxygen, water, food, and a place to live living things need these four things in order to survive
grow and develop, eat/make food, get rid of wastes, respond to their environment, reproduce five functions of living things
reproduce what is the only thing a virus does
cytoplasm the gel-like substance that cell parts float in
cell membrane the outer covering of an animal cell- keeps all cell parts together; also found in plant cells
cell wall the outer covering of a plant cell- used to protect and support the plant
chloroplasts plant food factories which contain cholorphyll
nucleus the command center of a cell
how scientists organize/categorize cells cells-tissues-organs-organ system-organism
Created by: whitehurstki