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Chp 63

Lewis

QuestionAnswer
Sprain an injury to the ligamentous structure surrounding a jt caused b a wrenching/twisting motion.
Strain excessive stretching of a muscle, its fascial sheath on a tendon occur mostly in the large muscle groups including lower back, calf, and hamstrings
DISLOCATON Severe injury of the ligamentous structure that surround a jt. often results in complete displacement/separation of jt surfaces.
Compartment Syndrome Condition which elevated intracompartmental pressure within a confined myofascial comparement compromises the neurovascular fx of tissues within that space.
Repetitive Strain Injury-RSI & Cumulative Trauma Disorder terms used to describe injuries resulting from prolonged force, or repetitive movements and awkward posture
Repetitive Strain Injury-RSI & Cumulative Trauma Disorder Factors Poor posture, positioning, poor workspace, ergonomics, badly designed workplace equipment, repetitive lifting of heavy workload s. sufficient muscle rest
Impingement Syndrome Entrapment of soft tissue structure under coracoacromial arch of shoulder
Rotator Cuff Tear Tear within muscle or teninoligamentous structures around shoulder
Shin Splints Inflammation along anterior aspect of calf from periostitis caused by improper shoes, overuse, or running on hard pavement
Tendinitis Inflammation of a tendon as a result of overuse or incorrect use
Ligament injury Tearing or stretching of ligament, usually occurs as a result of inversion, eversion, shearing, or torque applied to a jt. Characterized by sudden pain, swelling, and instability
Meniscal injury Injury to the fibrocartilage of knee characterized by popping, clickling, tearing sensation, effusion and /or swelling.
Hemarthrosis bleeding into a jt/ space or cavity-disruption of synovial lining may occur
most common types of injury affecting musculoskeletal system Sprains and Strains
SIX P’s Paresthia, Pain, Pressure, Pallor, Paralysis, Pulselessness
CAST temporary circumferential immobilization device
Sugar Tong Cast Typically used for acute wrist injuries or injuries that result in significant swelling
Short Arm Cast Used for tx of stable wrist or MTC fx, a circular cast extending from distal palmar crease to the proximal forearm
Long Arm Cast Commonly used for stable forearm or elbow fractures and unstable wrist fx.
Body Jacket/Brace Used for immobil
Created by: linhfujikawa