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Quiz 4 Mutation

Just cards for studying for the quiz today. = =)/ lame..

What are some factors that can cause genetic mutations? A factor that causes genetic mutations, if there is insertion or deletion (according to a website: Breast-cancer is related)
What are the different ways that mutations in DNA affect the proteins that the DNA codes for? The start codon could be absent or there could be a missing nucleotide or there could be a extra nucelotide.
What changes in the DNA cause point mutations to occur? Point-mutations occur when the Start Codon is absent.
What changes in the DNA cause frameshift mutations to occur? Frameshift mutations happen when there is a Insertion mutation in the DNA.
What amino acid sequence would be present in a protein that is encoded by the following DNA sequence? GTACAGAGTAATCAAA
In Question #7, if the red G was deleted from the DNA, how would that change the encoded amino acid sequence?
In Question #7, if the red G was substituted with an A, how would that change the encoded amino acid sequence?
In Question #7, if the blue A was substituted with a T, how would that change the encoded amino acid sequence?
Which of the mutations in #8-10 would be the most harmful? Why do you say so? Which would be the least harmful? Why do you say so?
What are some mutagens that can cause changes in DNA to occur? How might they be avoided or prevented? Mutagens can cause a change to the nucleotides and they could be avoided by choosing to not choose the artificial way and avoiding any possible infected mutagen product.
Created by: teruodaka