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Genetics Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Two forms of a gene (dominant or recessive) Alleles
Piece of DNA that codes of a trait, basic physical and functional unit of heredity Gene
Any characteristic that can be passed from parent to offspring Trait
Traits that must be passed through DNA and cannot be changed Inherited traits
Learned behaviors that are not passed through DNA Acquired traits
Passing of traits from parent to offspring Heredity
Study of heredity Genetics
Stronger of two possible alleles, represented by a capital letter Dominant
Gene that shows up less often in a cross, lowercase letter Recessive
Gene combination for a trait, described by letters only (ex. BB, Bb, or bb) Genotype
Physical feature resulting from a genotype (ex. brown eyes) Phenotype
hybrid, both alleles are different Heterozygous
pure bred, both alleles are the same Homozygous
diagram used to predict probabilities of different offspring Punnett Square
Scientist that first studied genetics in detail Gregor Mendel
a synonym for homozygous Pure Bred
a synonym for heterozygous Hybrid
has a trait but it is not showing Carrier
both phenotypes will show in a hybrid (ex. red and white spotted flowers) codominance
both phenotypes will mix to produce a unique phenotype for hybrids (ex. pink flowers from white and red flowers) incomplete dominance
Created by: MrTranScience