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Enzyme & Digestion

What are the reactants in the following reaction: C6H12O6 +6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O C6H12O6 +6O2
What are the products in the following reaction: C6H12O6 +6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O 6CO2 +6H2O
In an exergonic reaction, which has more energy the products or the reactants? What happens to the energy? Reactants, its released
In an endergonic reaction, which has more energy the products or the reactants? What happens to the energy? Products, its absorbed
What is the purpose of a catalyst? To lower the activation energy and speed up the rate of the chemical reaction
What are the catalysts in our bodies called? Enzymes
What is capillary action? When water sticks to the sides of a tube, pulling water molecules with it until gravity won't let it climb any further.
What's an example of capillary action? Water climbing up a paper towel OR water climbing up the trunk of a tree carrying water and food to the leaves
Water vapor in the atmosphere serves as ________ against temperature changes. insulation
Condensation is a ______ changing into a liquid. gas
_________ is when liquids evaporate into gases. Evaporation
Freezing turns a liquid into a _______. solid
_________ is when solids melt to become liquids. Melting
Sublimation is a _______ changing to a gas. solid
_________ is when a gas becomes a solid through frost formation. Deposition
Water is a polar molecule, which means that each end has a _________ charge. different
Because its polar, it is attracted to itself, or sticks to itself, this is called ______________. cohesion
Water molecules are also attracted to other molecules, and can stick to them, this is called ______________. adhesion
The formula for water is? H2O
Acids are _____ than 7 on the pH scale. less
Bases are _______ than 7 on the pH scale. greater
______ release hydrogen (H+) ion. acids
Salivary Amylase, Pancreatic Amylase and Intestinal Maltase are all enzymes that break down ________________. carbohydrates
Name the enzyme that breaks down fats. Where is it released? Lypase Small intestine
Pepsin breaks down________ and is released in the ________. Proteins Stomach
Trypsin and Peptidases break down _____ and are released in the _____ ________. Proteins Small Intestines
Nuclease and Nucleosidases break down __________ ______ and are released in _______ __________. Nucleic Acids Small Intestines
Pancreatic Amylase and Maltase are enzymes released in _______ _________. small intestine
Salivary Amylase is released in the _________. mouth
Endergonic reactions _________ energy. absorb
Exergonic reactions _________ energy. release
What was the substrate in the liver lab? Hydrogen Peroxide
The part of the enzyme where the substrate binds is known as the ______________. active site
Enzymes and their rate of reaction can be affected by 3 things. What are they? Temperature, pH and concentration
How do high temperature and extreme pH affect enzymes? Cause enzymes to denature
Denaturation is what? when enzymes unfold and become completely inactive
What was the enzyme in the liver lab? Catalase
Protease is another term for enzymes that breaks down _______. proteins
What is induced fit? when a specific substrate fits together with its specific enzyme
What is the energy called that is required to get a reaction started? activation energy
Created by: msgreen