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OCHS Bio - Unit 4

Unit 4 - Cell Biology

Vocab WordAnswer (from textbook)Anchor/Helper Phrase
Robert Hooke Looked at cork under a microscope and came up with the name "cell" HooKe, corK (hard K sound)
Anton von Leeuwenhoek First person to describe living cells Leeuwenhoek = LIVINGhoek (first to see living cells)
Matthias Schleiden Scientist who determined that all plants are made of cells Schleiden and Schwann, plants and animals (both have S names)
Theodor Schwann Scientist who determined that all animals are made of cells Scwann = Swan (animal)
Rudolph Virchow Scientist who is credited with the discovery that all cells come from the reproduction of pre-existing cells actually stole the work of another scientist and got all the credit
cell theory the theory that explains how all life is based off of cells 1. All livings things = cells; 2. cells = structure and function; 3. cell come from pre-existing cells
compound light microscope a microscope that uses multiple lens and a light source to magnify specimens compound = more than one lens
total magnification eyepiece magnification x objective lens magnification The eyepiece is always x10 (so just multiply the objective lens x 10)
prokaryote unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus example: bacteria (NOT plants)
eukaryote organism whose cells contain a nucleus example: plants, animals, fungi
nucleus the structure in a eukaryotic cell that contains the cell's DNA PROkaryotes have NO _____
cell wall strong, supporting layer around the cell membrane in some cells found in plants, fungi, and bacteria, but NOT animals
cytoplasm all cellular contents outside the nucleus the liquid inside a cell
organelles specialized structure that performs important cellular functions within a cell the "organs" of the cell
Created by: nickbudz