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Test2; MA; Chp 6-10

QuestionAnswer
Florentine group of scholars & musicians organized to perform dramatic plays based on Greek drama that they set to music. They "invented" opera while trying to recreate the spirit of Greek drama. Camerata
vocal style of these sung dramas was a single melody line or solo singer with simple homophonic accompaniment to make it easy for the audience to hear the words Monody
continuous bass part performed by keyboard, lute or bass instrument (like a cello). It places emphasis on the bass line Basso Continuo
type of shorthand written in the bottom of the music that told the player what chords to play & improvise on to provide accompaniment to the vocal line Figured bass
Rhythmically free- A combination of singing & speech that serves as dialogue to help the audience understand the words or text Recitative
song that stood apart from story as a complete song, more melodic & expressive, showcased the soloists. Ternary form (ABA)= Arioso/Aria
words da capo means "the head" in Italian. In ternary form (ABA), when the singer ends the aria by repeating the first section da capo aria
a group of singers in opera who portray townspeople or villagers Chorus
wrote the earliest surviving opera in 1600 Jacopo Peri
means literally, "book" or the text of the opera Libretto
first master of opera. His opera, Orfeo, was based on Greek legend Claudio Monteverdi
additions to written music Embellishment
was a popular English composer who wrote the opera Dido and Aeneas -- "When I am Laid in Earth" Henry Purcell
____ opera was based on ____ legend. Baroque, Greek
Music of the Baroque period was as ornamented as ________ & _______ of the period. architecture & paintings
The _____ sang heroic male roles as well as female roles. castrati
was a dramatic work for solo voices, or small chorus & either basso continuo or small orchestra. It was much shorter than the opera & was not staged Cantata
was one of the most prolific composers of the secular cantata, who published about 100 secular cantatas Barbara Strozzi
one of the most prolific composers of the sacred cantata, he wrote about 300 sacred cantatas Johann Sebastian Bach
simple melodies could be sung by the congregation of church;written by Martin Luther&John Calvin for the Protestant Church,they believe congregations should participate in song; a break from Catholic tradition;sung in the Lutheran church in the vernacular Chorales
wrote many cantatas bc was his professional obligation;came from family of musicians stretching back for generations;went blind late in life;used chorales as basic for many of sacred cantatas; The Passion According to St. Matthew(2 ½hr w/string quartet) All About Bach
dramatic work 4 soloists/chorus/orchestra;long/not staged;similar to cantata but longer&larger scale;2/more hrs to perform;Based on Bible stories(singing narrator explained what happened b4/between musical#s);rose in England w/George Fridriek Handels work Oratorio
were musical settings of the suffering & crucifixion of Christ which were frequently performed during Holy Week Passions
German&became English;father wanted to be lawyer;blind late in life;career reached height when worked 4 Royal Academy of Music;most successful oratorio-Messiah(nondramatic)audience stood;England greatest composer;Italian Baroque Opera reached height w/him George Frideric Handel
considered "king" of instruments, most pipe ones contain 2 levels of keyboard (keyboard that the performer plays with their feet); this, harpsichord, & clavichord were all important keyboard instruments of the Baroque period(not piano-wasn't invented yet) The Organ
a successful composer & performer of the harpsichord; composed many French suites for harpsichord; performed regularly for King Louis XIV; she composed the Sarabande from Suite no. 1 from Pieces for Harpsichord Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre
a type of instrumental chamber work requiring four players - two violins, cello & keyboard for the continuo (the cello & keyboard are considered one voice as the continuo) Trio Sonata
a composition that uses imitative polyphony (where one voice imitates the other) & is organized around the returns of a theme or SUBJECT & a COUNTERMELODY Fugue
when the subject has been stated in every voice, the complete section is this Exposition
the "filler" music between each statement of the subject is call this; Johann Sebastian Bach wrote the Little Fugue in G Minor Episodes
is the main melody of a fugue Subject
is an instrumental work based on a chorale melody & designed to be played as an introduction to a Protestant church service Choral prelude
a work for solo instrument consisting of movements based on dance rhythms; could stand by itself as a full composition & featured several styles of dance music; was not intended to be danced to but to showcase the different styles of dance music Suite
the greatest family of violin makers in the Baroque period Stradivari Family
is an orchestral form that exploits the idea of pitting soft sounds against loud ones; a work for solo instruments & orchestra Concerto
a chamber work with a small group of solo instruments pitted against an orchestra Concerta grosso
is the full orchestra of a concerto grosso Ripieno
is the solo instrument of the concerto grosso Concertino
is a collection of concerto grosso composed by Johann Sebastian Bach for Christian Ludwig, the Margrave of Brandenburg Brandenburg Concertos
is a repeated musical theme where short sections of orchestral music returns later during the movements. Many Baroque concertos are in this Ritornello form
instrumental descriptive music that associated with a nonmusical form Program music
1.) called the "Red Priest"; one of the most prolific composers of solo concertos of the Baroque period; wrote music for a famous orchestra at a girl's orphanage Antonia Vivaldi
2.) wrote Quattro Stagione[depicts through its music the 4 seasons]-also known as 4 Seasons (set of 4 concertos, program music, 4 sonnets precede the concertos, depots birds/streams/storms/nymphs/shepherds dancing/a flowery meadow with a goat herd & dog) Antonia Vivaldi
is a person who plays an instrument or sings very well Virtuoso
Created by: ibenoit95