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Astronomy

Important Astronomers and related astronomy terms

QuestionAnswer
Copernicus formulated a model of the solar system that placed the sun at the center of the solar system.
Foucault Using a pendulum device he was able to help establish that the Earth rotated on its axis.
Edmund Halley Was able to locate and determine the period (time it takes ) for a comet eventually named for him.
Johannes Kepler Developed the Laws of Planetary Motion that explain the movement of our planets around the sun.
Isaac Newton Laws of gravity and motion
Galileo Galilei Italian scientist who viewed the eclipse of Venus, the 4 large moons of Jupiter and helped establish that the planets move around the sun.
Stephen Hawking Currently living. Astronomer who developed many ideas about black holes and quantum gravity.
Tycho Brahe Danish astronomer (who had a fake nose) who was known for his accurate observations of the stars.
Astronomer Someone who studies objects found in space.
Electromagnetic Spectrum All possible frequencies of electromagnetic energy, ranging from radio waves to Gamma rays.
Focal Point the point beyond a lens where the light is focused to a point allowing us to get a clear image of an object.
Visible Light Found in the center of the electromagnetic spectrum, it is light that allows us to see. Visible light is made of wavelengths of energy that make up the color spectrum: ROY G. BIV
Optical Telescope A telescope using visible light
Reflecting Telescope A telescope that uses mirrors to direct the light received from distant objects
Refracting Telescope A telescope that uses lenses to view distant objects.
Radio Telescope A telescope designed to gather radio waves that can be interpreted to view distant objects.
Concave Lens This lens type "caves" in, spreading light rays apart and separating them. This is the type of lens that might be used on a TV
Convex Lens This is a lens that bulges outward on either side. This type of lens might be used to magnify on object.
Objective Lens Lens on a telescope that is farthest from the eye. This is the lens closest to the object.
Eyepiece Part of the telescope we look through.
Spinoff a product using technology developed by NASA and applied to make a product we can use in our daily lives.
Created by: jljohnson404