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Bioenergy and transp

QuestionAnswer
autotrophs use the carbon cycle to use carbon dioxide to produce glucose
Photosynthesis rate is increased by increasing sunlight, increasing carbon dioxide, and increasing temperature.
Aerobic respiration Creates 36 ATP, requires Oxygen, occurs in the mitochondria
Anerobic respiration creates 4 ATP, occurs in the cytoplasm and in bacteria, waste product is alcohol and lactic acid, Can not happen if oxygen is available.
Alcohol fermentation occurs when bacteria and yeast do not have any oxygen available to make energy
Cholorplast Only in plant cells, where photosynthesis occurs.
Cholesterol allows the cell membrane to maintain a fluid shape. Shaped like a honeycomb.
buffers things in the body that help it maintian a constant pH
Active transport uses ATP to move molecules from an area of low concentration to an area oh higher concentration
Osmosis the movement of WATER from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. No energy required.
facilitative diffusion protein molecules embedded in the cell membrane move large molecules into the cell with out the use of energy.
salt water plant cells would swell if you put them in a fresh water solution
mitochondria Where cellular respiration occurs
prokaryotic cells have ribosomes, a cell wall, and plasma membrane
organic molecules all contain carbon
stem cells cells in our body that develop into all the specialized cells we are made up of, example muscle, bone,nerve
enzmyes catalyst that speed up chemical reactions in our body. Are in the category of protiens, can be denatured by temperature and pH
Created by: TeresaGentry