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Classification

Biology Ch. 17 Review

QuestionAnswer
To put similar organisms in groups Classify
The science of grouping and naming organisms Taxonomy
The largest of the classification categories (that WE use for OUR purposes) Kingdom
Two-name naming system of classification Binomial Nomenclature
A group made up of all the orders of similar species Class
Smallest, most specific classification category Species
An organisms evolutionary history Phylogeny
The great variety of plant and animal species on earth Diversity
Instead of referring to a phylum, in plants, the term ___ is used. Division
Tool to help identify an organism's scientific name Dichotomous Key
Aristotle's classification categories DID NOT have a logical spot for ___________ (frogs) Amphibians
Linnaeus's major contribution to organism classification was ________ Binomial Nomenclature
The first word of an organisms scientific name is the Genus
The second word of an organisms scientific name is the Species
The ______ is always capitalized in the scientific name Genus
When classification is based on phylogeny, scientist look specifically at DNA, fossils, body structures, and _______ _______ Embryonic Development
The OLD kingdom that includes ALL bacteria was referred to as Kingdom ______ Monera
Fungi make their own food (true/false) False
Monera were the first cells on earth (true/false) True
Protists are (eukaryotic/prokaryotic) Eukaryotic
Animals are multi-celled and move independently (true/false) True
A species whose survival is threatened by the cutting down of old growth forests in the US is the Northern Spotted Owl
Scientists communicate best when they use _____ for classifications Scientific Names
The classification system most commonly used today separates organisms into ______ major kingdom Six
Organisms with the same ______ names are more closely related than those with the same phylum name and less closely related than those with the same Order. Class
The Carolina parakeet and the ______ are species that have gone extinct because of human activities Passenger Pigeon
Bacteria are (unicellular/multicellular/both) Unicellular
Protists are (unicellular/multicellular/both) Both
Fungi are (unicellular/multicellular/both) Both
Plants are (unicellular/multicellular/both) Multicellular
Animals are (unicellular/multicellular/both) Multicellular
There can be more than one species in a genus (true/false) True
The word Eukaryote means True Nucleus
The language used for naming organisms is Latin
The scientific name of an organism must either be italicized OR Underlined
The word Prokaryote means Before Nucleus
In the saying, "Kings Play Chess On Fuzzy Green Stools" the 'P' stands for Phylum
In the saying, "Kings Play Chess On Fuzzy Green Stools" the 'O' stands for Order
In the saying, "Kings Play Chess On Fuzzy Green Stools" the 'K' stands for Kingdom
In the saying, "Kings Play Chess On Fuzzy Green Stools" the 'S' stands for Species
In the saying, "Kings Play Chess On Fuzzy Green Stools" the 'C' stands for Class
In the saying, "Kings Play Chess On Fuzzy Green Stools" the 'F' stands for Family
In the saying, "Kings Play Chess On Fuzzy Green Stools" the 'G' stands for Genus
Branching diagram which shows phylogeny or evolutionary history of a species Cladogram or Phylogenetic tree
Diagram that shows how mutations might accumulate over time Molecular clock
An evolutionary geneticist that uses genetic analysis to establish evolutionary relationships Molecular systematist
Feature that varies among members of a group Character
Being similar or equivalent to Corresponding
Historical development of a group of organisms Evolution
Method of classification that uses the order in which organisms diverged from a common ancestor to understand relationships Cladistics
Comes from the Greek word meaning Ancient or primitive
The structure and form of an organism or one of it's partcs Morphology
Coined the term "Tree of Life" and actually illustrated several examples of organisms ancestral trees in his published journal Ernst Haeckle
Used the analogy of a tree to describe his idea that all organisms arose from the very first, common ancestor Charles Darwin
Created by: SavannahElkins