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MU Music Symbols

Common music symbols and terms

TermDescription
Treble Clef The staff that showes notes above middle C. The notes on the lines are E G B D F ( Every Good Boy Deserves Fun). The notes on the spaces are F A C E (the word FACE).
Bass Clef The staff that showes notes below middle C. The notes on the lines are G B D F A (Good Boys Don't Fight Anyone). The notes on the spaces are A C E G (All Cows Eat Grass).
Staff A set of 5 lines and 4 spaces.
Semibreve A 4 beat note.
Minim A 2 beat note.
Crotchet A 1 beat note.
Quaver A 1/2 beat note.
Semiquaver A 1/4 beat note.
Minim Rest No note for 2 beats.
Crotchet Rest No note for 1 beat.
Quaver Rest No note for a 1/2 beat.
Semiquaver Rest No note for a 1/4 beat.
Flat Lowers the pitch of the note by a semi-tone.
Sharp Raises the pitch of a note by a semi-tone.
Natural Cancels out pervious sharps or flats.
Every Good Boy Deserves Fruit A sentence to help remember the lines of a treble clef staf. From the bottom line E, G, B, D, F.
FACE An acronym to help remember the spaces of a treble clef staf. From the bottom space F, A, C, E.
Good Boys Deserve Food Always A sentence to help remember the lines of a bass clef staf. From the bottom line G, B, D, F, A.
All Cows Eat Grass A sentence to help remember the spaces of a bass clef staf. From the bottom space A, C, E, G.
Dotted Note A dot beside a note increases the notes value by half its original value. For example a dotted minim has a value of 3 beats, a dotted crotchet has a value of 1 1/2 beats.
Repeats Usually appear in pairs, when you reach the second repeat symbol go back to the first repeat symbol. If there is just one repeat symbol, go back to the beginning.
Time Signatures Two numbers, one on top of the other, usually at the beginning of a piece of music. The top number indicates the number of beats per bar, the bottom number indicates the note value per beat (semibreve = 1, minium = 2, crotchet = 4, quaver = 8).
Pianissimo A dynamic that means very soft.
Piano A dynamic that means soft.
Mezzo Piano A dynamic that means moderately soft.
Mezzo Forte A dynamic that means moderately loud.
Forte A dynamic that means loud.
Fortissimo A dynamic that means very loud.
Crescendo Means to gradually become louder.
Decrescendo Means to gradually become softer. Is also knowen as diminuendo.
Diminuendo Means to gradually become softer. Is also knowen as decrescendo.
Staccato Showen as a dot above or below a note. The note is to be short and detatched.
Accent Showen as a sideways v above or below a note. The note is louder.
Tenuto Showen as a dash above or below a note. Hold the note for its full value.
Fermata Also knowen as a pause. Hold the note for longer then its value.
Created by: vreetan