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MI mammals

Carnivora

Common namecharacterisitics
Raccoon Order: Carnivora, Family: Procyonidae, Species: Procyon lotor, range: statewide, large skull, orbitals facing forward
American marten Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Martes americana, range: UP only, small smooth skull, rounded skull at the back, long orbitals, large auditory bulli, tatoal skull length less than 95mm
Fisher Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Martes pennanti, range: UP only, large skull, sharp teeth, prominent sagittal crest in males, skull greater than 95mm
Ermine/ short-tailed weasel Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Mustela erminea, range: all but extreme south LP, tail length-body length less than 40% head-tail length, more black at tip of tail relative to tail length compared to long-tail
Long-tailed weasel Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Mustela frenata, range: statewide, pointed post-orbital process, inflated bulli, tail greater than 40% head-tail length
Least weasel Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Mustela nivalis, range: most of LP and southwest UP, small, no black tip on tail
Mink Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Neovison vison, range: statewide, flattened bulli, flat looking skull in the profile, larger than the weasel
Badger Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Taxidea taxus, range: statewide, rear molar triangle shape, view from above skull appears triangular
River otter Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Lontra canadensis, range: all but thumb and far south, short rostrum, bad teeth, 36 total teeth
Wolverine Order: Carnivora, Family: Mustelidae, Species: Gulo gulo, range: not present, last molar crossways to others, bear-like/ massive skull, short snout
Striped skunk Order: Carnivora, Family: Mephitidae, Species: Mephitis mephitis, range: statewide, palate ends even with the last molar
Bobcat Order: Carnivora, Family: Felidae, Species: Lynx rufus, range: all but thumb and far south, smaller ear tufts and feet than lynx, black on top of tail only, 1 large opening between auditory bulla and foramen magnum--> 2 foramina
Lynx Order: Carnivora, Family: Felidae, Species: Lynx canadensis, range: possibly isolated spots in UP, black around tip of tail, big feet, 2 foramina but not contained in opening
House cat Order: Carnivora, Family: Felidae, Species: Felis catus, very small round skull
Cougar Order: Carnivora, Family: Felidae, Species: Puma concolor, range: unknown
Coyote Order: Carnivora, Family: Canidae, Species: Canis latrans, range: statewide, delicate, palate ends anterior to end last molar, upper carnassial less than 20mm, thin skull with thin muzzle
Gray wolf Order: Carnivora, Family: Canidae, Species: Canis lupus, range: UP only, massive skull, big teeth, premolars widely spaced, palate ends with posterior edge last molar
Dog Order: Carnivora, Family: Canidae, Species: Canis familiaris, weird shape, steep curve to muzzle with flat top of skull
Red fox Order: Carnivora, Family: Canidae, Species: Vulpes vulpes, range: statewide, larger skull than Gray fox, distinct v-shaped temporal ridges
Gray fox Order: Carnivora, Family: Canidae, Species: Urocyon cinereoargenteus, smaller skull than red fox, distinct U-shaped temporal ridges
Black bear Order: Carnivora, Family: Ursidae, Species: Ursus americanus, range: UP and north ~1/2 of LP, smallish orbital, short snout, large nostrils, dome shaped, distinctly like giant raccoon shape
Brown bear Order: Carnivora, Family: Ursidae, Species: Ursus arctos, range: not MI, very large claws
Porpoise Order: Cetacea, Family: Phocoenidae, thin jaw, homodont dentition
Created by: jebeard