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chapter 2 II

electromagnetic waves Energy that can move through space
radiation direct transfer of energy through waves
infrared radiation wavelengths longer than red light
ultraviolet radation wavelengths shorter than violet light
scattering light reflecting through the atmosphere
greenhouse effect gasses holdig heat in the air
Temperature average amount of energy of motion of each partile of a substance
thermal energy toal energy of motion of each particle of a substance
thermometer tool with a glass tube that has a bulb and contains a liquid
Heat transfer of thermal energy to a cooler object
conduction direct transfer of heat beween two touching objects
convection transfer of energy through movement of fluid
convection currents movement of warm and cool air
winds horozontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure
anemometer tool used to measure wind speed an direction
wind chill factor increased cooling caused by wind
local winds winds that blow short distances
sea breeze local wind blowing from an ocean or lake
land breeze flow of air toward a body of water
global wind wind that blows in a specific direction
Coriolis effect way earth's rotation makes winds curve
latitude distance from the equator
jet streams high speed winds above earths surface
water cycle movement of air from earth to the atmosphere
Evaporation process by which water heats and turns into vapor
humidity measure of water vapor in the air
relative humidity percentage of water vapor that is actually in the air compared to the maximum amount of water vapor the air can hold at a specific temperature
psychrometer tool used to measure relative humidity
condensation vapor cooling and turning into liqui water
dew point temperature at which dew forms
cirrus clouds thin, wispy, clouds high in the atmosphere
cumulus large, puffed clouds
stratus wide, flat clouds
Precipitation Water that falls from the sky as rain, snow, hail, or dew
Drought Periods of low precipitation
Cloud seeding A method of modifying precipitation
Rain gauge Took used to measure rainfall
Created by: SMoswald