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Ch. 10 bio

Ch.10 Biology study guide

TermDefinition
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid
RNA Ribosomal Acid
3 parts of Nucleotide Sugar, Phosphate, Base
Shape of DNA Double Helix
Process of copying DNA in cell Replication
3 types of RNA mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
3 mRNA nucleotides Codon
Start codon AUG
Stop codon UAA, UAG, UGA
Used to signify the nitrogen base Letters
Watson & Crick won what in 1962 Nobel Prize in Medicine
Ribosomes are composed of rRNA & proteins
Purines are Adenine & Guanine
Pyrimidines are Cytosine & Thymine
DNA Sugar Deoxyribose
RNA Sugar Ribose
Inspired by the X-ray photographs of DNA crystals Double Helix structure of DNA
Made up of repeating subunits of nucleotides DNA
Type of enzyme that binds to the separated chains of DNA DNA Polymerase
Change in the nucleotide sequence causes a Mutation
Number of copies produced of original DNA when finished 2 new copies
Enzymes can Repair errors (& bring down error rate down to 1 per 1 billion nucleotides
Genetic info is copied from DNA to RNA, called Transcription
Correlation between a nucleotide sequence & amino acid sequence Genetic code
Proteins are Polymers
Proteins are made up of One or more polypeptides
There are ____ amino acids 20
mRNA Messenger RNA
tRNA Transfer RNA
rRNA Ribosomal RNA
Created by: syerrawilson