Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 10

Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis

TermDefinition
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
Subunits of DNA Nucleotides
Parts of a nucleotide (3) Sugar, phosphate, base
Sugar present in DNA Deoxyribose
Phosphate present in DNA Phosphorous
Bases present in DNA (4) Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
Purines (2) Adenine and guanine
Pyrimidines (2) Cytosine and thymine
Scientists who suggested double helix model Watson and Crick
Award won by Watson and Crick 1962 Nobel Prize in Medicine
Complementary base pairs C-G, T-A
Replication Process of copying DNA
Helicases Enzymes that separate base pairs
DNA polymerase Enzymes that bind to the separated chains of DNA
Error rate in paired nucleotides 1 in 1 billion
Mutation Caused by a change in the nucleotide sequence
RNA Ribonucleic acid
Base not present in RNA Thymine
Base present only in RNA Uracil
Sugar present in RNA Ribose
Types of RNA (3) Messenger RNA (mRNA), Transfer RNA (tRNA), Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Shape of mRNA Single uncoiled chain
Shape of tRNA Hairpin shape
Shape of rRNA Globular form
Most abundant form of RNA rRNA
Purpose of mRNA Carries genetic info from DNA in the nucleus to the cytosol
Purpose of tRNA Binds to specific amino acids
Purpose of rRNA Makes up the ribosomes where proteins are made
Number of varieties of tRNA 45
Protein synthesis Production of proteins
Number of amino acids 20
Genetic code Correlation between a nucleotide sequence and an amino acid sequence
Codon 3 mRNA nucleotides
Translation Process of assembling polypeptides from information encoded in mRNA
Anticodon 3 tRNA nucleotides; pairs with the mRNA codon
Ribosomes Composed of rRNA and proteins
Location of ribosomes Free in the cytoplasm and attached to the endoplasmic reticulum
Created by: animalcrossing