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Ayurvedic A&P

Dhatus, Upadhatus, Tissue Formation, Function, Malas, Srotamsi

QuestionAnswer
What is the Sanskrit word for plasma or lymph tissue? Rasa
What is the primary function of rasa dhatu? nourishment
What are (2) upadhatus of rasa? Breast milk & menstrual blood
What is the associated mala of rasa dhatu? Kapha
What is the Sanskrit word for blood tissue? Rakta
What is the primary function of rakta dhatu? To provide life-giving energy
What are (2) upadhatus of rakta? Blood vessels & small tendons
What is the associated mala of raka dhatu? Pitta/bile
What is the Sanskrit word for muscle issue? Mamsa
What is the primary function of mamsa dhatu? To cover & protect skeleton & internal organs, facilitate movement,
What are the upadhatus of mamsa? The 6 layers of skin, ligaments
What are some associated malas of mamsa dhatu? earwax, nasal crust, navel lint,
What is the Sanskrit word for fat tissue? Meda dhatu
What is the primary function of meda dhatu? To provide lubrication of joint, insulation of body, producing sweat
What is the associated mala of meda dhatu? Sweat
What is the updahatu of meda? omentum around stomach,
What is the Sanskrit word for bone tissue? Asthi dhatu
What is the primary function of asthi dhatu? support, movement,
What is the associated upadhatu of asthi dhatu? Teeth & cartilage
What are (2) associated malas of asthi dhatu? head& body hair, Nails
What is the Sanskrit word for bone marrow tissue? Majja dhatu
What are the primary functions of majja dhatu? fills bones,
What is the associated upadhatu of majja? sclerotic fluid
What are some associated malas of majja dhatu? tears & other eye secretions,
What is the Sanskrit word for male reproductive tissue? Shukra
What is the Sanskrit word for female reproductive tissue? Artava
What is the primary function of Shukra or Atarva? Procreation, generating ojas,
What is the associated upadhatu of Shukra/Atarva? Ojas
Although some say there are no malas associated with Shukra/Atarva, it could be argued that what (2) malas could be categorized under this dhatu? Pubic and axillary hair
How many internal srotamsi are there in the body? 13
How many external srotamsi are there in the body? 9
The primary functions of which srota include respiration, maintaining life functions and cellular intelligence? Pranavaha Srota
What is the Sanskrit word for "root"? Mula
What is the Sanskrit word for "middle or pathway"? Marga
What is the Sanskrit word for "opening"? Mukha
What is considered the mula (root) of the pranavaha srota? Left chamber of the heart, rasa-carrying vessels, GI tract
What is considered the marga (middle) of the pranavaha srota? Respiratory tract, bronchial tree, alveoli
What is considered the mukha (opening) of the pranavaha srota? Nose
The primary functions of which srota include regulating body temperature and lubrication? Udakavaha (water) srota. aka "Ambu" srota.
What is considered the mula (root) of Udakavaha (water) srota? Soft palate, pancreas (kloma), adrenal glands
What is the marga (middle) of Udakavaha (water) srota? GI mucus membrane
What are considered the mukha (opening) of udakavaha (water) srota? Kidneys, tongue, sweat glands
The primary functions of which srota include digestion, absorption, and assimilation? Annavaha (food) srota
What is considered the mula (root) of the Annavaha (food) srota? Stomach, esophagus, food-carrying vessels
What is considered the marga (middle) of the Annavaha (food) srota? GI tract from lips to ileocecal valve
What is considered the mukha (opening) of the annavaha (food) srota? Ileocecal valve
The primary functions of which srota include water absorption and the formation/excretion of feces? Purisavaha srota
What is considered the root (mula) of the Purisavaha srota? Rectum, anus, sigmoid colon
What is considered the marga (middle) of the Purisavaha srota? Large intestine
What is considered the mukha (opening) of the Purisavaha srota? Anal orifice
The primary functions of which srota include electrolyte balance and the formation of urine? Mutravaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of the mutravaha srota? Bladder, urethra, kidneys, penis
What is considered the marga (middle) of the mutravaha srota? Ureters, urethra
What is consider the mukha (opening) of the mutravaha srota? Opening of the urethra
The primary functions of which srota include thermo and water regulation, as well as perspiration. Svedavaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of the Svedavaha srota? Hair follicles, sweat glands & pores
What is considered the marga (middle) of the svedavaha srota? Sweat ducts
What is considered the mukha (opening) of the svedavaha srota? Pores of the skin, opening of sweat glands
The primary functions of which srota include nutrition and nourishment? Rasavaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of the rasavaha srota? Right chamber of the heart, 10 great vessels
What is considered the marga (middle) of the rasavaha srota? Venous and lymphatic systems
What is considered the mukha (openings) of the rasavaha srota? Arteriole-venous junction in the capillaries
The primary functions of which srota include life-giving and oxygenation? Raktavaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of raktavaha srota? Liver and spleen
What is considered the marga (middle) of raktavaha srota? Arteriole circulatory system
What is considered the mukha (opening) of raktavaha srota? Arteriole-venous junction
The primary functions of which srota include covering and protecting the body? Mamsavah srota
What are considered the mula (root) of mamsavah srota? Small tendons, ligaments, fascia, skin
What is considered the marga (middle) of mamsavah srota? The entire muscular system
What is considered the mukha opening) of mamsavah srota? Pores of the skin
The primary functions of which srota include lubrication and insulation? Medavaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of medavaha srota? Low back, hips, adrenals, kidneys, omentum
What is considered the marga (middle) of medavaha srota? Subcutaneous fat tissue
What is considered the mukha (opening) of medavaha srota? Sweat glands
The primary functions of which srota include providing support, protection, and structure? Asthivaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of asthivaha srota? Pelvic girdle, sacrum, medo dhatu
What is considered the marga (middle) of asthivaha srota? The entire skeletal system
What is considered the mukha (opening) of asthivaha srota? Nails, hair
The primary functions of which srota include nervous system coordinations, synaptic function, and filling bone spaces? Majjavaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of the majjavaha srota Asti dhatu, joints, brain, spinal cord
What is considered the marga (middle) of the majjavaha srota? Sympathetic, parasympathetic, and central nervous systems
What is considered the mukha (opening) of the majjavaha srota? Synaptic space
The primary functions of which srota include reproduction in men? Sukravaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of the sukravaha srota? Testes, penis, nipples
What is considered the marga (middle) of the sukravaha srota? Vas deferens, epididymis, prostate, urogenital tract
What is considered the mukha (opening) of the sukravaha srota? Urethral opening
The primary functions of which srota include reproduction women? Atarva srota
What is considered the mula (root) of atarva srota? Uterus
What is considered the marga (middle) of atarva srota? Vaginal passage, cervical canal, fallopian tubes
What is considered the mukha (opening) of atarva srota? The labia
The primary function of which srota include perception and reaction to stimuli? Manovaha srota
What is considered the mula (root) of manovaha srota? The heart
What is considered the marga (middle) of manovaha srota? The entire body
What is considered the mukha (opening) of manovaha srota? The sense organs and marma points
What are the names of the (13) internal srotamsi? Manovaha, Pranavaha, Udakavaha, Annavaha, Purisavaha, Mutravaha, Svedavaha, Rasavaha, Raktavaha, Mamsavah, Medavaha, Asthivaha, Majjavaha, Sukravaha/Artavavaha
What are the names of the (9) external srotamsi? Eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, urethra, anus ( plus vagina and breasts for women)
Ksira Dadhi Nyaya Law of Transformation (i.e. milk into yogurt)
Kedara Kulya Nyaya Law of Transmission/Transport (i.e. irrigating a field via canals)
Khale Kapota Nyaya Law of Selection (i.e. pigeon picking grains from a pile)
List the (3) main malas in English Sweat, urine, feces
List the (3) main malas in Sanskrit Sveda, mutra, purisha
Which dosha corresponds to rasa dhatu? Kapha
Which dosha corresponds to rakta dhatu? Pitta
Which dosha corresponds to mamsa dhatu? Kapha
Which dosha corresponds to meda dhatu? Kapha
Which dosha corresponds to asthi dhatu? Vata
Which dosha corresponds to majja dhatu? Kapha
Which dosha corresponds to sukra dhatu? Kapha
Describe ojas A physical substance in the body correlated to immunity and vitality. It is the pure essence from properly formed dhatus. Factors causing a reduction in ojas include trauma, poor nourishment, emotions like anger/grief/worry.
Describe apara ojas Apara ojas refers to the circulating components of the immune system like leukocytes, macrophages, or antibodies that help ward off disease.
Describe para ojas A superfine substance of ojas (8 drops) located in the heart. Injury or damage to para ojas results in death and it is compared to the brain & heart which are required for life.
What is the Sanskrit word for mala? waste
Created by: Krisananda