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Chap 16 gov terms

standing to sue, class action suits, etc

standing to sue the requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a case, which depends on whether they have sustained or are likely to sustain a direct and substantial injury from a party or an action of government
class action suit lawsuits permitting a small number of people to sue on behalf of all other people similarly situated
justiciable disputes a requirement that to be heard a case must be capable of being settled as a matter of law rather than on other grounds as is commonly the case in legislative bodies
amicus curiae briefs legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court"for the purpose of raising additional points of view and presenting info not contained in the briefs of the formal parties; attempt to influence a court's decision
original jurisdiction the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial; the courts that determine the facts about a case
appellate jurisdiction the jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them on appeal from lower courts; do not review the factual record, only the legal issues
district courts the 91 federal courts of original jurisdiction; the only fed courts in which trials are held and in which juries may be impaneled
courts of appeal appellate courts empowered to review all final decisions of district courts, except in rare cases; also hear appeals to orders of many federal regulatory agencies
Supreme Court the pinnacle of the American judicial system; ensures uniformity in interpreting national laws, resolves conflicts among states, and maintains national supremacy in law; controls its agenda
senatorial courtesy an unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state-level federal judicial posts are not confirmed if they are opposed by a senator form the state in which the nominee will serve; also applies to courts of appeal when opposition from state senator
Created by: jjordan910