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Med Terms- 24

QuestionAnswer
optic nerve carries images to the brain
accessory organs to the eye conjunctiva, eyelids, and lacrimal glands
ophthalmologists MD or DO degree
optometrist OD degree
aqueous pertaining to water
cilia eyelashes
blepharoplasty surgical repair of the eyelid
conjunctiva protects anterior surface of eyeball
pupil opening in the center of the iris
ciliary body ring of muscle around outer edge of lens
cycloplegia ciliary body paralysis
dacryoadenitis tear gland inflammation
keratotomy cutting into cornea
sclera, choroid, and retina 3 layers of the wall of the eye
intraocular pertaining to inside the eye
diplopia double vision
pupillometer instrument to measure the pupil
rods and cones light receptors
fovea centralis contains only cones and is point of clearest vision
retinopathy retina disease
scleromalacia softening of sclera
vitreous humor gel-like substance that fills large open cavity between lens and retina
accomodation (Acc) ability if eye to adjust to variations in distance
achromatopsia color blindness
amblyopia lazy eye
astigmatism (As, Ast) caused by irregular curvature of cornea
cataract lens becomes cloudy or opaque
cryoextraction removes lens with cataract using and extremely cold probe
diabetic retinopathy small hemorrhages and edema in retina as a result of diabetes mellitus
fluorescein bright green fluorescent dye
glaucoma condition resulting from increase in intraocular pressure
hyperopia ability to see things at a distance but trouble seeing at close range; farsightedness
intraocular lens implant (IOL) artificial lens
laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) correction of myopia using laser surgery
laser retinal photocoagulation stabilizes detached or torn retina
macular degeneration loss of vision in center of visual field
myopia ability to see close up but distant vision is blurred; nearsightedness
nyctalopia poor vision at night or in dim light; night blindness
nystagmus jerky-appearing involuntary eye movement
optician trained to make corrective lenses
phacoemulsification use of high-frequency sound waves to break up cataract
photophobia excessive sensitivity to light
radial keratotomy (RK) surgery with spokelike incisions in cornea to flatten it, done to correct nearsightedness
Snellen chart used for testing visual acuity
strabismus weakness of external eye muscle
OD right eye
Created by: briannasmith12