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Sedimentary Rocks

Rocks, Structures, environment

TermDefinition
Clastic sed rock made from clasts of other broken rocks
Organic (Biochemical) chemical rocks made from organic processes
chemical chemical rocks that form from precipitates!
lithification process in which unconsolidated sediments are coverted into solid rock
cementation process of minerals precipitating in pore spaces that "glues" the sediments together (silica, calcite, iron oxide)
sediment solid material that is moved and deposited in a new location.
sorting sediment can be arranged by its size. (well or poorly)
graded bedding sediment is deposited by its size (coarse on the bottom, upwards to fine on the top)
environment of deposition understanding the history of the sediment was deposited
compaction process in which sediments are squeeze by the overlying materials weight
weathering process of breaking down rock, soil, and minerals
erosion transportation of weathered material by ice, wind, water.
cross-bedding layers of sedimentary rocks that include inclined/tilted layers that occurred during their deposition
clastic texture description of a sed rock made from clasts of other broken rocks
mud cracks sedimentary structure formed from sediment that dries and contracts.
ripple marks sedimentary structures formed showing direction of air or water flow
strata layer of deposited sedimentary rock
stratigraphy studying of rock layers and their positioning
Created by: Langerphysics