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Sookdeo-DNA

DNA & Biotechnology

TermDefinition
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
nucleotide nucleic acid chain, a subunit that has a sugar, phosphate and base. There are 4 different bases: adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine. (AT & CG are complementary pairs and the fit together like a puzzle piece in DNA)
replication the duplication of a DNA molecule
mutation a change in the genetic material of an organism
RNA ribonucleic acid, molecule present in all living cells that help produce protein. There are 4 different bases: adenine, uracil, cytosine and guanine. (AU & CG are complementary pairs and the fit together like a puzzle piece in RNA)
ribosome cell organelle made up of RNA and protein
biotechnology the use and application of living things and biological processes
artifical selection human practice of breeding animals or plants with desired traits
genetic engineering a technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified for medical or industrial use
clone an organism, cell, or piece of genetic material that is genetically identical
Created by: dsookdeo