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Year 11 Term 1 1

Starting off - Musical concepts

ascending heading upwards
descending heading downwards
steps notes that are next to each other
leaps notes that are not next to each other
repeated notes a short series of notes that have the same pitch
range the distance from the highest to the lowest note
register the general area of pitch
arpeggio the notes of a chord played one after another
broken chord notes of a chord played played separately in various orders
counter melody a second melody that is independant to another melody
improvisation a melody that is freely created on the spot
call and response two melodies that are heard after each other similar to question and answer
sequence a chord progression or melody that repeats higher or lower in succession
definite pitch that can be found on the piano
indefinite pitch that cant be found on the piano
consonant harmony that is agreeable and not clashing
pentatonic a scale of 5 notes
blues scale a scale that is used in blues music
modulation a change in key
rate of chord change describing the frequency of chordal movement
12 bar blues a chord pattern that is used in blues and early rock music
parallel harmony a part that has a similar shape to another
walking bass line a bass line that is based on an arpeggio. It is used in Blues music
beat the pulse of music
accent a strong or emphasised note
syncopation notes that are off the beat
pause a held note held at the condutor or performers discression
time signature the number of beats in a bar
ostinato a repeating musical pattern
swing rhythm long short pattern oftern used in jazz music
crotchet a one beat note
quaver a half beat note
semibreve a four beat note
staccato short and detached
melody the main instrumental layer
accompaniment instruments that support the melody
density the number of instruemnts playing
homophonic a melody with chords
polyphonic having two or more independent but harmonically related melodic parts sounding together
monophonic Consisting of a single unaccompanied MELODIC line.
unison all parts playing the same thing
binary a structure of 2 contrasting sections
ternary a structure of 3 sections where the first and the last are the same
verse a part of a song that has the same tune but different words each time
chorus a part of a song that has the same words and tune each time
bridge a part of a song that has not been heard before and it has words
instrumental a part of a song that has no voices (not at the start)
coda the name for a final ending section of a piece of music
piano soft
mezzo piano moderately soft
forte loud
mezzo forte moderatly loud
fortissimo very loud
crescendo getting louder
decrescendo gradually softer
pizzicato pluck the strings
dolce sweetly
key signature the sharps or flats at the front of a song
slur line indicating notes are smooth and connected
chord several notes sounded simultaneously
Created by: gyfabitt