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Genetics

TermDefinition
Gregor Mendel He was the scientist that is called the "Father of Genetics" for his experiments with pea plants.
Heredity The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Traits Physical characteristics of an organism.
Genetics The study of heredity.
Alleles Different forms of a gene.
Dominant The trait that always shows up in the organism.
Recessive A trait that is the covered up when the dominant allele is present.
Hybrid or Heterozygous Two different alleles for the same trait.
Homozygous or purebred Two of the same allele for a trait.
Phenotype The physical description of an organism (the trait that shows can be seen)
Genotype The genetic or allele description of an organism.
Chromosomes The rod-shaped bodies found in the nucleus of the cell.
Gametes Sex cells
Sperm Male gamete or sex cell
Egg Females gamete or sex cell
Gene Smallest part of a chromosome.
Sexual reproduction Daughter cell receives chromosomes from two parents.
Asexual reproduction Daughter cell receives chromosomes from one parent.
Created by: jhulshoff