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4th six weeks

Genetics and adaptations

ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION ONE PARENT; offspring is genetically identical to the parent (clone, less diversity)
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION TWO PARENTS; offspirng has traits of both parents (more diveristy)
GENETIC MATERIAL DNA found in the nucleus of a cell
DOMINANT ALLELE The stronger gene from a parent
RECESSIVE ALLELE The weaker gene from a parent
HETEROZYGOUS A gene combination from parents that has one dominant allele and one recessive allele
HOMOZYGOUS A gene combination from parents that has wither two dominant or two recessive alleles
DIVERSITY The variety of traits within a species
TRAIT A characteristic that is passed on from parent to offspring
ADAPTATION A behavioral or physical characteristic that allows an organism to survive in its environment
BIODIVERSITY The diversity of organisms in an area
PRODUCER An organism that makes its own food through photosynthesis
CONSUMER An organism that gets its energy by eating other organisms
PRIMARY CONSUMER An consumer that eats producers
DECOMPOSER An organism that breaks down dead organisms into nutrients for the soil
FOOD CHAIN Shows how energy moves from one organism to another in an area
FOOD WEB The interconnected food chains in an area
ENERGY PYRAMID Shows how much energy is transferred from one trophic level to the next
TROPHIC LEVEL The feeding level of organisms in an ecosystem
Created by: cplummer76