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ATS-Science 7

Bacteria/Virus vocabulary

TermDefinition
Archaebacteria a kingdom made up of bacteria that live in extreme environments
Eubacteria a kingdom that contains all prokaryotes except Archaebacteria
bacilli rod shaped bacteria
cocci spherical or circular bacteria
spirilla spiral shaped bacteria
prokaryote an organism that consists of a single cell and does not contain a nucleus
flagella/flagellum whip-like structure used for movement
binary fission a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by which one cell divides into two cells of the same size
endospore a thick walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial cell and resists harsh conditions
decomposer feeds on and breaks down dead organisms
producer an organism that can make its own food
cyanobacteria bacteria that contain chlorophyll and can make their own food
nitrogen fixation process of bacteria changing nitrogen so plants can use it
bioremediation using bacteria or microorganisms to clean up hazardous waste
antibiotic medicine used to kill bacteria and other microorganisms
pathogenic bacteria bacteria that cause disease
genetic engineering changing the genes of bacteria or other organisms
host an organism from which a parasite takes food or shelter
lytic cycle the reproductive cycle of a virus where the virus attacks a cell and causes the cell to produce more viruses
heterotroph eats other organisms (consumer)
autotroph an organism that can makes its own food (producer)
vaccine weakened form of a virus that prevents a person from contacting a viral disease
Created by: glink