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text structure

different types of text structure

CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER Tells how things happen in time order from beginning to end.
WHAT IS TEXT STRUCTURE Text structure is how the text is built or set up.
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST Used to show similarities and differences between people, things, ideas
CAUSE AND EFFECT When an author wants to explain how one event leads to another. Cause and effect explains how or why things happened – what caused them.
PROBLEM AND SOLUTION This is when an author states a problem and then offers solutions or ways to fix that problem.
CONCEPT AND DEFINITION This text structure names a thing or idea (a concept) and then tells you what it means and/or gives an example of it (definition).
MAIN IDEA/DETAILS (ALSO CALLED DESCRIPTION) gives detail to explain it or describe it using examples.
Words for CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER First, second, third, last
WHAT IS AN EXTERNAL TEXT STRUCTURE External text structures come in many forms, such as headings, bold or underlined words, indexes, glossaries, footnotes, etc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Lists the content that will be found in that book or section in order, usually with the page number on which it begins
HEADINGS AND SUBHEADINGS tells you about the information that you will find underneath it.
BOLD, UNDERLINED OR ITALICIZED WORDS Used to emphasize and show importance:
GRAPHICS, PICTURES, ILLUSTRATIONS Used to provide a visual of something described within the text.
CAPTIONS gives an explanation of what you are seeing.
SIDEBARS gives you instruction or tells you where to find more information.
FOOTNOTES definitions are given for words in the text.
INDEX tells you on which page numbers you can find certain information.
GLOSSARY A list of important vocabulary or terms found in the book along with their definitions.
Created by: 3059192