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B-Law Chap 4

Vocab

TermDefinition
Crime Punishable offense against society.
Felony Serious crime punishable by a year or more prison sentence in a state prison and/or a fine of more than $1,000.
Misdemeanor Less serious crime punishable by less than a year in county or city jail and/or a fine.
White-Collar crime Offenses committed in the business world.
Burglary A form of larceny classified as a crime against realty. Entering a building without permission with intent to commit a crime.
Larceny Wrongful taking of money or personal property belonging to someone else with intent to deprive the owner of possession.
Robbery A form of larceny. Taking of property from another person against the persons will, by force or by causing fear.
False Pretenses Type of fraud. Obtaining money or other property by lying about a past or existing fact.
Forgery Falsely making or altering a writing to defraud another.
Bribery Unlawfully offering or giving anything of value to influence performance of an official.
Extortion Obtaining money or other property from a person by wrongful use of force, fear, or the power of office.
Conspiracy An agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime.
Arson The willful and illegal burning of a building.
Defense Legal position taken that allows the defendant to possibly escape criminal liability.
Substantive Defense Defense based on the ability to disprove, justify or excuse the alleged crime.
Procedural Defense Defense based on problems with the way evidence is obtained.
Contempt of Court A witness who refuses to testify after the grant of immunity.
Immunity Freedom from prosecution even when one has committed the crime as charged.
Criminal Insanity An accused person who does not know the difference between right or wrong.
Plea Bargaining An accused person may agree to plead guilty to a less serious crime in exchange for having a more serious crime dropped.
Self-Defense The use of force that is reasonably necessary to the victim to prevent death, serious bodily harm, rape, or kidnapping.
Embezzlement A white collar crime where a person steals money that they have been trusted with from a Business.
Created by: Knuddar
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