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Chapter 8 vocab

vocabulary words on chapter 8

autotroph organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food inorganic compounds; also called a producer
heterotroph organism that it obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also called a consumer
adenosine triphosphate ATP; one of the principal chemical compounds that living things use to store and release energy
photosynthesis process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugar and starches
pigment light absorbing molecule
chlorophyll principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms; captures light energy
thylakoid saclike photosynthetic membrane found in chloroplasts
photosystem light-collecting units of the chloroplast
stroma region outside the thylakoid membrane in chloroplast
NADP+ nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate; one of the carrier molecules that transfer high-energy electrons from the chlorophyll to other molecules
light-dependent reaction reactions of photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH
ATP synthase large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind to ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP
Calvin Cycle reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars
Created by: Tyl3r10959