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Cells

QuestionAnswer
What is the Cell Theory? 1. All organisms are made of at least one cell 2.The cell is the basic unit of all living things 3. All cells come from existing cells.
How do you calculate the total magnification of an object? Total Magnification= eyepiece (10x) X Objective
How did people first learn about cells? By using the earliest forms of microscopes.
Who discovered cells? John Hooke
What does a cell wall do? Protects the cell
What does the cell membrane do? Protects the cell and allows food, water, etc. to come through.
What is passive transport? Transporting substances into the cell without using energy.
What is active transport? Transporting substances into the cell while using energy, usually used with bigger substances.
What is photosynthesis? When a plant uses water, carbon dioxide, and energy to provide food for the plant.
What is cellular respiration? The mitochondria uses glucose and oxygen to make water, carbon dioxide, and energy.
How are cells further classified? cells, tissues, organs, organ systems organisms
What would happen to a cell if it were to be placed in a high concentration of water? Water would go into the cell.
What would happen if a cell were to be placed in an equal concentration of water? It would stay the same.
Why do cells divide? So an organism can grow, repair, or reproduce.
What are the phases of mitosis? Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, and Cytokinesis.
What does the mitochondria do? Provides energy for the cell.
What do lysosomes do? Clean the cell's waste.
What do ribosomes do Provide protein for the cell.
What does the nucleolus do? Makes ribosomes.
What does the E.R. do? Packages and ships proteins to other organelles.
Created by: Nyankip