Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Vitals/GS/IV Therapy

Vitals,General Survey, IV therapy

QuestionAnswer
The width of the bladder of a BP cuff should equal...? 40% of the circumference of patient's arm
What is the purpose of a palpable BP? To determine target BP/unable to hear during routine BP check/low BP, unable to assess via stethoscope
What is a normal O2 range? 92%-100%
What factors may affect BP? Age, sex, weight, exercise, emotions, stress
What are the 4 characteristics of pulse? Rate, Rhythm, Symmetry & Strength (also called amplitude)
How can a pulse rhythm be classified? Regular or irregular
Name two common causes of visceral pain. pancreatic cancer, metastases in the abdomen (less severe; cramping,etc)
What is the most common form of pain? Visceral pain
What causes visceral pain? Activation of pain receptors d/t infiltration, compression, extension or stretching of the viscera
What causes somatic pain? Activation of pain receptors in either the cutaneous or deep tissues
What is deep somatic pain? Pain in the musculoskeletal tissues
What is PQRST? Pain assessment: Point/location,Quality/Quantity,Radiation,Scale,Timing
What is the normal range of respirations for a neonate? A 1 year old? 30-40 breaths per minute/ 20-40 breaths per minute
What is the normal range of respirations for an adult? 12-20 breaths per minute
What is the normal range of respirations for a 2 year old? 25-32 breaths per minute
What is the normal range of respirations for a school age kid?What about a 12-14 year old? 20-26 breaths per minute/18-22 breaths per minute
What is tachypnea? Rapid respirations
What is bradypnea? slow rate of respirations
What is considered prehypertension? 120-139/80-89
What is a normal BP for an adult? <120/<80
What is considered hypertension stage 1? 140-159/90-99
What is considered hypertension stage 2? 160 and up/100 and up
What is the average pulse rate for a newborn? 100 to 170
What is the average pulse rate for a 1 year? 80 to160
What is the average pulse rate for 3yr? 80 to 120
What is the average pulse rate for 6 year old? 10 year old? 70 to 115/ 70 to110
What is the average pulse rate for a 14 year old? An adult? 60 to 110/ 60 to 100
Cheyne-Stokes Cycle in which respirations gradually wax and wane in a regular pattern with patterns apnea alternating the cycle. Seen in heart failure, renal failure, meningitis, OD, increased ICP. Normal in infants and eldery during sleep.
Diurnal rhythm daily cycle of peak and trough-BP climbs to high late afternoon, declines to early morning low
How is the amplitude of a pulse graded? 0-absent 1+ - weak and thread 2+ - normal 3+ Full and bounding (abnormal)
What sort of solution is a LR? Isotonic
How many drips per minute for micro tubing? 60 drips per minute
How many drips per minute for macro tubing? 10,15 OR 20 drips per minute
What are 3 examples of hypertonic solutions? D5 1/2 NS, D5 1/3 NS, D5 LR
What solutions is isotonic on the shelf but hypotonic once administered? Why? D5W because the sugar is metabolized right away, and then it's just water.
What is 1/2 NS- Hypotonic, Isotonic or Hypertonic? Hypotonic
Hypertonic solutions shrinks cells and causes blood vessels to expand greatly, T or F True
Hypotonic solutions shrink cells and cause blood vessels to expand greatly, T or F False- they cause cells to expand and shrink vessels
What solution is used to treat dehydration? LR- lactated ringers
Which patients should not be given hypertonic solutions? DKA (dextrose), impaired heart or kidney function(fluid overload)
Which patients should not be given hypotonic solutions? Nuero pts- at risk for increased ICP d/t CVA, head trauma, neurosurgery or pts w third spacing issues (burns, trauma, malnutrition, liver disease)
Which patients should not be given LR? Liver disease- their liver can't metabolize the lactate
Which solution promotes diuresis, provides calories and sodium chloride, corrects excessive fluid loss and prevents alkalosis? Hypertonic
What are hypotonic solutions used for? preventing dehydration, preventing and treating ketosis, supply free water, promote sodium diuresis
What are signs of phlebitis? IV site warm to touch, reddened/red streaks. Signs of infection.
What are signs of infiltration? IV site cool to touch, pale
What are signs of dehydration? Dry skin, sunken eyes, poor skin turgor, decreased output, confusion, dry mucous membranes
What are signs of fluid overload? altered LOC, distended neck veins, crackles in lungs, periorbital edema
What do TPN, NTG, Insulin, cardiac titrated drugs and PCA have in common? They CANNOT be run by gravity. MUST USE PUMP.
Which products require a second RN to double check? Blood products, insulins, heparin, PCA
Created by: serenaz
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards