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Formative 1#

Classification The process of grouping things by their characteristics.
binomial nomenclature The system for naming organisms in which each organism is given a unique, two-part specific name.
Prokaryote A cell that lacks a nucleus
Eukaryote A cell that has nucleus
Dichotomous key It is a table used to identify certain organisms
Archaea Bacteria They are members of the kingdom Archaea
Virus A tiny non-living particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell.
Host The organism that parasite or virus lives in or on.
Parasite The organism that benefits by living on or in a host and harms it.
Flagellum A long, whip-like structure that helps a cell to move.
Binary Fission A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identical cells
conjugation The process in which a unicellular organism transfers some of its genetic material to another unicellular organism
Endospore A small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacterial cell.
Decomposer An organism that breaks down chemicals from wastes and dead organisms, and returns important materials to soil and water.
Protist A eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as an animal, plant, or fungus.
Protozoan An animal-like protist.
pseudopod A "false foot" or temporary bulge of cytoplasm used for feeding and movement in some protozoans
Cilia The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in a wave-like manner
Algae Plant-like protozoans.
spore A tiny cell that is able to grow into a new organism
Fungi A eukaryotic organism that has cell walls, uses spores to reproduce, and is a heterotroph that feeds by absorbing its food.
Hyphae The branching threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi
Fruiting body The reproductive structure of a fungus that contains many hyphae and produces spores.
Budding A form of asexual reproduction of yeast in which a new cell grows out of the body as a parent
Lichen The combination of a fungus and either an alga or an autotrophic bacterium that live together that live together in a mutualistic relationship.
Created by: hmurpy