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Biology 10.3

Biology-Circulation and Respiration Chapter 10 Section 3

QuestionAnswer
They carry blood away from the heart. Arteries.
They bring blood to the heart. Veins.
Tiny blood vessels that link arteries and veins and are the functional units of the circulatory system. Capillaries.
As arteries branch deep into the body, they form smaller blood vessels known as ______, which branch into myriads of microscopic capillaries. Arterioles.
The capillaries merge to form small blood vessels known as _____, which, in turn, become veins. venules
The movement of the blood through all parts of the body except the lungs is called _______ _______. systemic circulation
The _____, which leaves the heart from the left ventricle, branches into smaller arteries which enter every organ of the body. aorta
Branching from the aortic arch are the two _______ ________, which carry blood to the head and brain. carotid arteries
Two ______ _______ branch of from the carotid arteries to carry blood to the arm. subclavian arteries
As the aorta continues down near the legs it divides into two _______ ________ ______. common iliac arteries
The common iliac arteries enter the legs to from the _______ ________, which supply the legs with blood. femoral arteries
The _____ _____ _____ is the vein which returns blood to the heart from the head, arms, and upper body regions. superior vena cava
The superior vena cava is the vein which returns blood to the heart from the head, arms, and upper body regions. And the ______ ________ _________ returns the blood to the heart from the legs and lower regions of the body. inferior vena cava
Smaller veins which connect the venae cavae include the ______ ________, which drain the head. jugular veins
______ ______ drains the arms. Sublavian veins
________ _______ drains the legs. Femoral veins
The movement of blood between the heart and the lungs is known as _________ _______. pulmonary circulation
The movement of blood from the digestive organs to the liver is called ______ __________; it is part of the larger systemic circulation system. portal circulation
The ______ _______ _______ carries blood to the liver from the digestive tract. hepatic portal vein
The ______ _______ returns blood to the inferior vena cava from the liver. hepatic vein
The movement of the blood from the body organs through the kidneys is known as ________ ________. renal circulation
A branch of the aorta ( the _______ ______ ) carries blood to the kidneys, where the blood is filtered and various wasters are removed. renal artery
The ______ ______ returns blood from the kidneys to the inferior vena cava. renal vein
Most heart attacks result from a blockage of arteries caused by a slowly developing disease called ________, a form of ____________or "hardening of the arteries." artherosclerosis and artherosclerosis
Deposits of fatty materials and calcium build up to from ______, which makes the lining tough. plaque
Liver infections known as _______ ______ can be acquired by several means, including skin contact, contaminated food, and blood transfusions; it is especially common among intravenous drug users. viral hepattis
Alcohol abuse can also cause _____ of the liver, the buildup of fatty deposits and fibrous tissue in the liver. cirrhosisis
The amount of force that blood exerts upon the walls of the blood vessels is known as ______ _______. blood pressure
An individual whose resting blood pressure exceeds either 130 mmHg systolic or 90mmHg diastolic is suffering from _________ _______ ________. high blood pressure
What is high blood pressure known as medically? hypertension
A rhythmical throbbing of the arteries as blood is propelled through them, typically as felt in the wrists or neck. pulse
The leading cause of death among Americans is _______ _________. cardiovascular disease
Abbreviation of cardiovascular disease. CVD
definition of pulmonary relating to the lungs
definition of renal relating to the kidneys
definition of hepatic relating to the liver
Created by: Teens