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Criminal Law

Chapter 2

QuestionAnswer
advocates rebellion against the government. seditious speech
is defamation by the written or printed word libel
A system of government where power is constitutionally divided between a central governing body and various constituent units is known as federalism
is an attack on the good reputation of another defamation
A law will be void for __________ if it prohibits action that is protected by the Constitution overbreadth
The __________ test states the law must be "narrowly tailored" to serve a "compelling" government interest strict scrutiny
This Supreme Court case raises the issue of whether an ex post facto violation occurs when the punishment scheme for an offense is altered after its commission Lynce v. Mathis
This Supreme Court case determined that the death penalty is not permitted for the rape of an adult Coker v. Georgia
Assume that a state decides to define a juvenile as someone under the age of 16, not the usual 18. Assume further that a 17-year-old committed robbery before the change. To suddenly try him or her as an adult could constitute a(n) __________ violation. ex post facto
This Supreme Court case determined that if the defendant is under the age of eighteen when they commit the capital crime, they cannot be executed. Roper v. Simmons
This test is used under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment for classifications which are not based on race or gender rational basis
This test is used under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment for classifications based on gender intermediate scruntiny
is defamation by the spoken word slander
The U.S. Constitution divides governmental authority into three branches. Which one is not a branch of the U.S. government? jurisdictive
This test is used under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment for classifications based on race. strict scruntiny
This Supreme Court case decided that the death penalty, as it was being carried out at the time, was unconstitutional. Furman v. Georgia
This Supreme Court case determined that the death penalty is not permitted for the rape of a juvenile. Kennedy v. Louisiana
Overbreadth cases frequently involve the __________ Amendment, which protects the freedom of religion, assembly, and speech. first
This Supreme Court case determined that a mentally retarded convicted defendant cannot be executed. Atkins v. Virgina
Which amendment prohibits "cruel and unusual punishment"? 8th Amendment
Which amendment suggests that double jeopardy occurs when a person's "life or limb" is threatened? 5th Amendment
Which Amendment states "no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws"? 14th Amendment
Created by: GlynniseNicole