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DNA Replication

Biology Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Translation process of converting info in mRNA into sequence of amino acids in a protein
Transcription process in cell nucleus where enzymes make RNA copy of a DNA strand
Double Helix shape of DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands are coiled into springlike structure and held together by hydrogen bonds between the bases
DNA the genetic info that determines an organisms traits
Protein
Nitrogen Base carbon ring structure containing 1 or more atoms of nitrogen; includes adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine, uracil
Codon set of nitrogen bases that represents an amino acids
DNA Replication process in which chromosomal DNA is copied before mitosis or meiosis
Purine double ring bases: adenine and guanine
Pyrimidine smaller than purines, they are single ring bases: thymine and cytosine
Nucleotide subunits of nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, phosphate group, and nitrogen base
Semi-Conservative DNA splits into two; makes new complete set with another half strand; now has half and half old strands
RNA nucleic acid that is single stranded; sugar contained is ribose; contains uracil
Chargoff's Rule Adenine=Thymine Guanine=Cytosine
Ribosome non-membrane bound organelles in the nucleus where enzymes and other proteins are assembled
Mutation any change or random error in a DNA sequence
Deoxyribose sugar found in DNA
Ribose sugar found in RNA
Amino Acid basic building blocks of protein molecules
Created by: jayman1324