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Steel Production

Furnaces, OL, Question 2

What does the blast furnace produce? Pig Iron
What does the cupola furance produce Cast Iron
What does the electric arc furnace produce Steel
What does the basic oxygen furnacne produce Steel
Explain what is ORE Rock that contains a metal or a mineral
Explain the term charge The materials put into a furnnace to make a metal
Function of Charcoal To harden steel
Function of limestone Its put into the blast furnace to help clean the metal as it is smelted from the ore
What is a double bell used for It opens and closes in to allow the charge into the blast furnace and reduce the amount of heat getting out.
Function of the Tuyere Create heat in the blast furnace
Function of the Tapping points in a furnace To help release the slag and molten metal seperately from a furnace.
Function of the Refractory Lining Prevent heat loss from the walls of the furnace
Function of Electrodes in the electric arc furnace To create an arc to make heat to smelt the scrap steel
Function of rollers on an electric arc furnace To allow the furnace rotate so the molten steel may be tapped off
Describe the oxygen lance It is a water cooled tube used to blow hot air into the basic oxygen furnace.
What is the charge for the blast furnace Ore, charcoal and limestone
What is the charge for the electric arc furnace Scrap steel and Iron ore
Ferrous Metal definition A metal that contains Iron e.g steel, stainless steel.
What is the charge for the basic oxygen furnace Scrap steel, Iron Ore and molten steel
What is the charge for the cupola furnace Scrap steel, charcoal and lime
What is the name for the ore to make iron haematite
Created by: Engineeringmcs