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Kwiat Review 1 & 2

Mr. K's

QuestionAnswer
They opposed the ratification of the Constitution. ANTIFEDERALISTS
The first Constitution - had no central military, no executive branch, no ability to collect taxes, no common currency, only a legislative branch ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
The type of legislature that resulted from the Great (Connecticut) Compromise. This was essentially a mix of the VA Plan and the NJ Plan. BICAMERAL
The first ten amendments to the Constitution, they were added to ensure ratification by the states. BILL OF RIGHTS
Replaced the Articles. CONSTITUTION
The branch of government that enforces the laws. EXECUTIVE
The term used in Federalist No. 10 describing the divisive interest groups that could tear a country apart. Madison said only a representative democracy could lessen the negative effects of these FACTIONS
Another name for the "central" or "national" government . FEDERAL
Written to encourage the ratification of the Constitution. FEDERALIST PAPERS
They favored the ratification of the Constitution and a strong central govt. FEDERALISTS
The chamber of Congress that bases representation on population. HOUSE
He is considered the "Father of the Constitution". JAMES MADISON
The branch of government that interprets the laws. JUDICIAL
The branch of government that makes the laws. LEGISLATIVE
formal approval RATIFICATION
The type of democracy that we have in the United States. REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
The form of government that James Madison, in Federalist No. 10, argues is the cure to divisive interest groups. REPUBLICAN
The chamber of Congress that bases representation on equality. SENATE
This is also known as checks and balances. It describes the structure of the federal government that forbids any branch from becoming too powerful. SEPARATION OF POWERS
His rebellion showed that the federal government was too weak under the Articles to deal with an insurgency or domestic uprising (this also showed a need for a stronger national government). SHAYS
Had most of the power under the Articles (hint not the federal government). STATES
Because slave states wanted to count the slave population when determining the number of their representatives in the legislature (even though they were treated as animals), the free states agreed to count slaves as this much of a person. THREE FIFTHS
This rebellion, in contrast to Shays', demonstrated that the Constitution was strong enough to stop a domestic revolt. WHISKEY
A trial in which one sues another for damages CIVIL TRIAL
In the 8th, your punishment will not be this CRUEL AND UNUSUAL
In the 10th, the powers given to the federal government DELEGATED
One cannot (usually) be tried twice for the same crime because if you were, it would be considered... DOUBLE JEOPARDY
In #14, it allows all citizens to go through the proper procedures if they are to be denied life, liberty, or property DUE PROCESS
In #5, it allows the government to purchase your private property (for roads, railroads, etc.) EMINENT DOMAIN
In the 14th, thanks to this clause, all citizens are entitled to (blank blank) under the law EQUAL PROTECTION
Clause in #1 that states that Congress will not make a religion ESTABLISHMENT
In the 8th, bail shall not be this EXCESSIVE
Clause in #1 that states that you can worship deity that you wish. FREE EXERCISE
Contracts (such as marriage) in one state are valid in other states because of this clause FULL FAITH ANDCREDIT
In the 5th, one cannot be forced to be a witness against... HIMSELF
In the 16th, Congress is now able to tax your... INCOME
In the 24th, the government cannot have this type of tax - a tax on voting POLL
In the 17th, Senators will be chosen by (blank) vote and no longer chosen by state legislatures Popular
In the 10th, the powers not denied to the states or specifically for the federal government RESERVED
Our form of democracy giving some powers to the states and others to the federal government, where the powers are in question, the federal government prevails Federalism
Found in the 15th, 19th, and 26th - another name for the right to vote SUFFRAGE
The clause in the Constitution that says that it is the "Supreme Law of the Land" SUPREMACY
In the 9th, those right not mentioned (or numbered) in the Constitution UNENUMERATED
In the 4th, searches and seizures cannot be this UNREASONABLE
Thomas Jefferson believed there was one of these dividing Church and State WALL OF SEPARATION
Prohibition Amendment EIGHTEENTH
no cruel or unusual punishment Amendment EIGHTH
Right to vote based on race (but not women)` 15th
Eminent Domain, Right to not self-incriminate, Double Jeopardy Amendment 5th
Freedom of Speech, Religion, Press 1st
Rights of Citizens and Due Process (for former slaves) 14th
Searches and Seizures Amendment 4th
Women's Suffrage Amendment 19th
You have rights not mentioned in the constitution Amendment NINTH
Right to Bear Arms Amendment SECOND
Senators elected by voters not state legislatures Amendment 17th
trial by jury, civil cases Amendment 7th
Income Tax Amendment SIXTEENTH
right to speedy trial, criminal cases Amendment 6th
Powers reserved to the states that are not delegated to the federal government Amendment 10th
Quarter Troops Amendment 3rd
Ends slavery Amendment 13th
Ends Prohibition Amendmnet 21st
No taxes on voting Amendment 24th
Only two terms for the President Amendment 22nd
Right to vote for 18 year olds Amendment 26th
D.C. can vote for President 3 Electoral Votes 23rd
Created by: ore_aca_skwi