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Science Midterm

Study

TermDefinition
Types Of Waves In The Electromagnetic Spectrum From Farthest Apart To Closest Together Radio, Microwave, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet, X-Ray, Gamma Ray
Irregular Galaxy System of millions or billions of stars held together by gas and dust. It's held together by gravity
Nuclear Fusion Atoms fuse together in the core of the sun because of tremendous heat and gravity. It creates energy and radiation.
Star Size Smallest To Largest Quark, Neutron, White Dwarf, Medium Size, Giant, Super Giant
Star Size Coldest To Hottest Red, Orange, Yellow, White, Blue
Life Cycle Of Sun Nebula, Protostar, Medium Star, Red Giant, Outer Ring Blows Off, Star Condenses Into White Dwarf and Burns Into Black Dwarf
Spectroscope A device that separates visible light into its component colors
Pluto was thought to be a captured object from the Kuiper belt
Newtons 3rd Law for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
Name All 6 Orbital Theorists Ptolemy, Copernicus, Galileo, Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Newton
Newton proved elliptical orbits due to inertia and gravity
Kuiper Belt pieces of nebulas that form comet-like objects outside of Pluto's orbit
Oort Cloud sphere of debris surrounding the solar system, also contains comet-like objects
Magnetosphere magnetic field around the earth that protects us from solar and magnetic radiation
How was the magnetosphere produced? Our spinning core translates extra energy to the magnetic field
Aurora Charged particles and plasma from the sun interact with the Van Allen belts and produce light in the gases of the atmosphere
4 types of satellites Scientific, Navigational, Military, Communication
Salt water is _ of the earth's water 97
Freshwater is _ of earth's water 3
Groundwater is _ of the earth's water .6
Drinkable water is _ of the earth's water .09
How did the atmosphere form? Hydrogen and Helium went into space, and volcanic outgassing released methane, ammonia, Co2, and Ho2, then the gases are broke down by sunlight
How was the ozone created? Lightning breaks water vapor and C02 and it releases oxygen. This formed the ozone, allowing blue-green algae to grow. Then, the algae photosynthesized and produced oxygen gas.
3 temp zones from coldest to warmest Surface, Thermocline, Deep Zone
Life Zones In The Ocean Intertidal, Neritic, Open Ocean, and Deep Zone
Types Of Frozen Water Glaciers, Ice Burgs, Ice Caps
Watershed Sloped land that stores/provides water
Luminosity of a star depends on size and temp
Ozone layer is found in the stratosphere
Created by: carsonbball
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