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kwiles C-3

Biochemistry

QuestionAnswer
Water is a great solvent because it is a ______ compound polar
By definition, polor compounds have a charge that is _________ spread across the molecule, but no net charge. unevenly
Hydrogen bonds can occur between what atoms? nitrogen, oxygen, and sometimes flourine
The ability of water to stick to unlike surfaces (for example, glass), is called ____? adhesion
The ability of water to stick to itself is called __________? cohesion
Ethanol is an organic alcohol and there is some hydrogen bonding that occurs between molecules, but not as much as water. You would expect ethanol to have more or less surface tension than water? less
The ability of water to rise against the force of gravity in a small diameterd tube is called ______? capillarity
The adhesive and cohesive properties of water and brought about by waters ability to ___________ ___________? hydrogen bond
Carbon has 4 electrons in it's outer (valance) energy level. How many bonds can carbon form? 4
The primary energy molecule in living organisms is _? adenosine triphosphate
Complex sugars are _____________? Carbohydrates
Ribose is a 5 carbon sugar and is a __________? monosaccaride
Sucrose is table sugar and is made from a polymer of two different sugars chemically bonded together. Sucrose is a ___________? disaccaride
What sugar would you find in grains? maltose
What sugar would you find in fruits? fructose
What sugar would you find in milk? lactose
Any substance that ends in "ose" is likely to be a _____________? sugar
The molecular unit that gets repeated in a polymer is called a __________? monomer
Complex fatty acids are called____/ lipids
Lipids such as triglycerides are long or short term energy storage devices? long term
Carbohydrates are typically used as long or short term energy storage devices? short term
An unsaturated fatty acid will have all single bonds in the fat portion of the molecule (T or F) False
Animals polymerize glucose and store it as a molecule called _________? glycogen
Cellulose is a polymer of glucose used by zebras (T or F) False
Plants store glucose in the form of a polymer of glucose called___________? Cellulose
Proteins are made from __________? amino acids
There are 20 amino acids and some of them are said to be "essential" Explain A few amino acids cannot be synthesized by your body so you have to eat them!
Is water an organic compound? no! it contains no carbon
Is carbon dioxide an organic compound? no.. it contains no hydrogen
Is glucose an organic compound? yes.. it contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a specific ratio
Many amino acids that are bonded together into one molecule is called a ________? polypeptide
Polypeptides get bonded together to form_________? protiens
Where would you expect to find nucleic acids? nucleus of cell
Be able to spot a lipid, polypeptide, sugar molecules, and the monomer of DNA or RNA dito
Be able to recognize and amino acid and find the peptide bonds between them in a polypeptide. dito
Created by: kwiles