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CNUR 103 Terms

Infection control and hygiene Unit 3

Hygiene The science of health and its maintenance
AM care Ambulatory care
Normal flora (resident flora) Microorganisms that normally reside on the skin, mucous membranes, and inside the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts
Nonspecific defences Bodily defences that protect a person against all microorganisms, regardless of prior exposure
Specific defences Ways the body defends itself from microorganisms, mostly involving the immune system, which responds to foreign proteins in the body
Pathogen A microorganism with the potential to cause disease
Infection The disease process produced by microorganisms
Health care-associated infections Infections associated with the delivery of health care services in a health care facility, including hospitals, long-term or continuing care facilities, community care, home care, health care professionals' offices, or test centres
Asepsis Freedom from infection or infectious material
Local Infection An infection that is limited to the specific part of the body where the microorganism remain
Systemic infection An infection that affects the body as a whole
Direct contact transmission Immediate and direct transfer of microorganisms from person to person through touching, biting, kissing, or sexual intercourse, that is body surface to body surface
Indirect contact transmission Passive transfer (indirect, droplets) of microorganisms from reservoir (carrier) to an object (door knob, taps...etc) in the client's immediate environment and then to the recipient (risk of passing illness when individual comes into contact with object.
Enamel The white, compact, hard substance covering the crown of the tooth
Dental caries Tooth decay
Plaque An invisible soft film consisting of bacteria, molecules of saliva, and remnants of epithelial cells and leukocytes that adhere to the enamel surface of teeth
Gingivitis Red, swollen gingiva (gums)
Created by: denomy2a