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Organic Chemistry

Organic Definitions and Terms

What does IUPAC stand for? International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
What are the 2 parts of an Organic compounds name called? Prefix and Suffix
Homologous Series An homologous series is a family of compounds that share a general formula, graduated properties and differ by a CH2 group
Isomer An isomer is a compound with the same chemical formula but a different structural one
What is the third member of the alkene family? Butene
Aliphatic Compound An aliphatic compound is a straight chain or ring compound that does not contain benzene
Aromatic An aromatic compound is a compound that contains benzene
Who discovered Benzene? Michael Faraday
What does TNT stand for? Tri-Nitro-Toluene
Saturated A saturated molecule has no available bonds left
Unsaturated An unsaturated molecule has at least one double or triple bond present
One physical property of Ethene Sweet smell, insoluble in water, soluble in organic solvents, burns with a luminous flame to produce CO2
Colour change for Ethene and Acidified Potassium Permanganate? Purple to colourless
Colour change for Ethene and Bromine? Brown to colourless
White powder used to make Ethene? Alluminium Oxide
The manufacture of Ethene is what type of chemical reaction? Elimination (dehydration)
Uses for Ethene MANUFACTURE OF PLASTICS AND POLYMERS. Also used to ripen fruit
One physical property of Ethyne Pungent smell, insoluble in water, soluble in organic solvents, burns with a smoky flame to produce CO2
Grey gravel like solid used to make Ethyne Calcium Carbide
3 impurities in Calcium Carbide and the gases they produce Calcium Suphate - Hydrogen Suphide. Calcium Phosphate - Phosphine. Calcium Nitrate - Ammonia.
1 use for Ethyne, name of gas created Cutting and welding steel, oxy-acetylene
Created by: cbschemistry