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Medical Vocab

Principles of Infections Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Chain of Infection Factors that must be present for an infection to occur. It has 6 factors: infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host.
Reserviors Humans, insects, food, and water that provide food for microorganisms and allow them to multiply.
Portals of Exit Escape routes in humans that allow microorganisms to leave
Mode of Transmission The way that a disease is transmitted.
Portal of Entry Means for pathogens to get into the host or environment.
Susceptible Host Something that is capable of becoming or has been infected.
Surgical Aspesis Sterilization of any item that penetrates the skin or comes in contact with a normally sterile part of the body.
Infectious Agent A pathogen that can cause sickness.
Medical Aspesis To reduce the number of pathogens or microorganisms.
Contagious Can spread to other people.
Fomites Nonliving material that house microorganisms.
Immunity A state of not being susceptible to pathogens.
Healthcare-associated Infections (HSIs) a patient can get infections unrelated to their illness.
Created by: Maggiexo