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Ocean Currents

Reveiw for ocean currents test

QuestionAnswer
What are the three states of matter water can exist in? Gas, solid and a liquid
What is polarity? A condition in which opposite ends of a molecule have slightly opposite charges of the molecule is neutral.
Why is water sometimes called a universal solvent? There are so many substances that can dissolve in water
What is cohesion? The attraction among molecules that are alike
What is adhesion? The attraction among molecules that are not alike
Is the density if ice lower or higher than the density of the same volume of liquid? Lower
how do Aquatic animals survive during the winter? in Winter the surrounding air cools the surface and turns into ice The ice surface and turns into ice. the ice insulates the water beneath. This provides a protective insulation for aquatic animals.
What degrees is density of freshwater is greatest. 4 degrees Celsius
What are the two bodies of water that are partly covered with ice? Arctic and Southern
Which ocean is the largest and deepest? The Pacific
What are the ocean trenches? Ocean trenches are deepest parts of the ocean
What are Mid-Ocean ridges? a continuous mountain range that extends through all earth's oceans
What are abyssal plains? Large Flat areas of the sea floor that extends across the deepest parts of the ocean basin.
What is salinity? A measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
What is sea water? Water from a sea or ocean that has a salinity of 35ppt
What does estuaries mean? Where fresh water meets salty ocean water.
What are ocean currents? a large volume of water flowing in a certain direction.
What causes waves in the ocean? Wind, currents, gravity, temp, and tsunami.
What are gyres? a circular system of currents.
How many gyres are there? Five
What is the coriolis effect? The movement of the wind and water to the right or left that is caused by Earth's rotation
What is water displacement The process used to measure irregular objects
What do oceans contain? Salinity
What are the names of each gyres? South pacific, North Pacific, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, and the Indiana Ocean.
Created by: 307616