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Body Systems Test

Science Test 1/16/15

This organelle controls the activity of the cell nucleus
What are the three parts of cell theory? a) All living things are made of one or more cells b) The cell is the smallest unit of a living organism. c) Cells come from other cells.
Cell>__________>Organ>_________ tissues, organ systems
What two parts of the plant cell help support it and maintain it’s shape? a) Vacuole b) Cell Wall
What is the difference between the golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum? The difference between the golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum is that the golgi apparatus receives proteins and processes them for “shipment”. The endoplasmic reticulum makes passageways for proteins.
What are two organelles that plant cells have that animal cells do not have? a) The Cell Wall b) Chloroplasts
Give an example of an organ system, the different organs that it has, and explain it’s function for the body. An example of an organ system is the nervous system. The different organs that it has is the eyes, brain, the spinal cord and the nerves. The function for the body is to recieve and process information and controls how the body reacts and moves.
What is the function of the cell membrane? Is it found in both plant and animal cells? The function of the cell membrane is to allow food, water and gases to enter the cell and for waste to leave. This organism is found in both, animal and plant cells.
Compare the lysosome to an organ that you have in your body. The lysosomes compared to the stomach because they both process nutrients and get rid of waste.
What organelle provides most of the energy for the cell? Mitochondria
Compare and contrast cells and tissue. They compare because they are both made up of one or multiple cells. They are different because a cell is only one cell and a tissue is made up of multiple cells.
What role does the chloroplast play in the plant cell? They absorb sunlight and use that energy to make food using photosynthesis.
What are the 3 types of muscle? Smooth, Cardiac, Skeletal
What is a tissue? A large group of similar specialized cells.
What is an organ? A group of related tissues that perform a specific function.
What is an organ system? A group of related organs that work together to perform a specific function.
What is the job of the circulatory system? It is responsible for bringing oxygen and nutrients to the cells of a body.
What is the job of the respiratory system? It is responsible to being oxygen to the blood and it removes carbon dioxide from it.
What is the job of the digestive system? It is responsible for breaking down food into simpler substances.
What is the job of the nervous system? It is responsible for receiving and processing information and to control how the body reacts.
What is the job of the skeletal system? It is responsible for providing shape and support, to protect tissues and organs, and to let the body move.
What is the job of the excretory system? It is responsible for removing wastes from the body and maintaining the body's water balance.
What are all of the 11 organelles? Nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, cytoplasm, ribosomes, lysosmes, vacuoles, golgi apparatus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum.
parts of circulatory system? the arteries, the veins, the capillaries, and the heart.
parts of respiratory system? nasal passages, the bronchial tube, the lungs, alveoli and diaphragm.
parts of digestive system? the mouth, the esophagus, and the liver. It also has the stomach, the pancreas, the large intestine, and the small intestine.
parts of nervous system? the brain, the eyes, the spinal cord and the nerves.
parts of skeletal system? skull, joint, bone, cartilage, and the spinal column.
parts of muscular system? muscles and tendons.
parts of excretory system? lungs, liver, kidneys, large intestine, bladder
Created by: 17osalvato