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Seitz Electricity


Current Electricity A continuous flow of electricity from atom to atom
Static Electricity An electrical charge produced when rubbing causes an object to gain or lose electrons
Poles North or South end of a magnet
Magnet Materials like iron, nickel, or cobalt that have electrons that move or flow in the same direction
Electromagnet A temporary magnet
Potential Energy Stored energy
Kinetic Energy Moving energy
Friction This force slows the speed of an object and creates heat
Gravity This is the force that keeps us on Earth
Conductor Metal and water are examples that conduct electricity
Insulator Rubber, plastic, and wood are examples that do not conduct electricity
Parallel Circuit A type of circuit that has two or more pathways
Series Circuit A type of circuit that has only one pathway
Closed Circuit A type of circuit that allows electrons to continue flowing and moving
Open Circuit A type of circuit that stops the flow of electricity
Atom The smallest part of all matter
Proton The positively charged particle found in the nucleus of an atom
Neutron The neutrally charged particle found in the nucleus of an atom
Electron The negatively charged particle found on the outside of an atom’s nucleus
Magnetic Field An electric current that is produced by magnetism
Generator A machine that creates manmade electricity
Circuit Breaker A device that interrupts or stops the flow of electricity to ensure safety
Attract To pull together
Repel To force apart
Created by: Seitz