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Med Terms- 23

TermDefinition
central nervous system brain and spinal cord
neurons what the structures of the nervous system are composed of
myelin many neurons are covered by this insulating substance that helps them conduct their electrical impulses faster
meningocele protrusion of meninges
cerebrum largest part of the brain divided into frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes
cerebromalacia softening of cerebrum
cerebrovascular pertaining to cerebral blood vessels
electroencephalogram record of electricity of the brain
encephalitis brain inflammation
anesthesia without sensation
pia meter inner layer of protective sac around the brain and spinal cord
myelosclerosis hardening of spinal cord
sensory nerves carry info to CNS
motor nerves carry messages from CNS to muscles and organs
neuropathy nerve disease
dysphasia difficult speech
hemiplegia half paralysis
pontocerebellar pertaining to pons and cerebellum
anticonvulsant reduce excitability of neurons
brain tumor intracranial mass
cerebral contusion bruising of the brain
cerebral palsy (CP) nonprogressive brain damage resulting from defect in fetal development or trauma, or oxygen deprivation at time of birth
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) stroke
coma profound unconsciousness
concussion last 24 hrs or less. occur when brain is shaken inside the skull
dementia impairment of intellectual function that interferes with performing ADLs
epilepsy recurrent brain disorder; seizure and loss of consciousness occur as a result of uncontrolled neuron electrical activity
hydrocephalus buildup of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain
lumbar puncture (LP) spinal puncture or spinal tap
migraine specific type of headache characterized by sever head pain, sensitivity to light, dizziness, and nausea
multiple sclerosis (MS) immune system damages myelin around neurons
myasthenia gravis autoimmune disease with severe muscular weakness and fatigue; effects synapse
paralysis loss of muscle function and movement
Parkinson disease chronic disorder of nervous system with fine tremors, muscular weakness, rigidity, and shuffling gait
seizure absence seizure (petit mal seizure), tonic-clonic seizure (grand mal seizure)
shingles herpes zoster
spina bifida congenital defect in walls of spinal canal
spinal cord injury (SCI) damage to spinal cord
subdural hematoma mass of blood forming underneath dura mater
syncope fainting
transient ischemic attack (TIA) temporary reduction of blood supply to brain
cerebrospinal pertaining to the cerebrum and spinal cord
Created by: briannasmith12