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Proteins and Enzymes

Nat 5 Unit 1 Section 5 DHS

A biological catalyst. Enzyme
The type of molecule all enzymes are made from. Protein
Enzymes do this to the chemical reactions they take place in. Speed up
After an enzyme has taken part in a chemical reaction it can be used again as it is ......... . Unchanged / the same / not effected
The type of enzyme reaction in which a large molecule is broken down into smaller molecules. Degradation
The type of enzyme reaction in which small molecules are combined to form larger molecules. Synthesis
The molecule an enzyme reacts with. Substrate
The substances formed by an enzyme reaction Products
The property of enzymes which means they can only react with one substance. Specific
The enzyme which can react with starch to form maltose. Amylase
The enzyme which can react with hydrogen peroxide to form oxygen and water. Catalase
The enzyme which can react with glucose-1-phosphate to form starch. Starch Phosphorylase
The area on of an enzyme which is used to join to the substance it is going to react with. Active Site
The term used to describe the conditions at which an enzyme will work best. Optimum
The term used to describe changes in the enzymes structure caused by extreme conditions. Denatured
A condition which when changed can effect an enzymes rate of reaction. Temperature/ pH
The area of the molecule an enzyme joins to. Complimentary binding site
Created by: dhsbiology